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New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam. New York City. New Orange.Created by: NYPL's Public Domain ArchiveDated: 1650
New Amsterdam, a small city on Manhattan Island
In May 1624, the first settlers in New Netherland arrived on Noten Eylandt (Nut or Nutten Island, now Governors Island) aboard the ship New Netherland. Dutch West India Company wanted to protect the entrance to the Hudson River and sponsored 30 families to move from Nut Island to Manhattan Island, where a citadel to contain Fort Amsterdam was being laid out. By the end of 1625, the site had been staked out and by 1628, a small fort was built with walls containing a mixture of clay and sand. The fort also served as the center of trading activity.

In the 1630s and 1640s, New Amsterdam had a population of about 270 people. Settlers built mills and in 1642 a stone church was built within the fort. New Amsterdam received municipal rights on February 2, 1653.

On August 27, 1664, while England and the Dutch Republic were at peace, four English frigates sailed into New Amsterdam's harbor and demanded New Netherland's surrender. This was swiftly followed by the Second Anglo-Dutch War and in 1665, New Amsterdam was reincorporated under English law as New York City, named after the Duke of York (later King James II). He was the brother of the English King Charles II, who had been granted the lands.

In July 1673, during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch briefly and quickly occupied New York City and renamed it New Orange. In 1674, the city was relinquished to the English and the name reverted to "New York".
78 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
Southwest view of Fort George with the City of New York.
A description of the towne of Mannados: or New Amsterdam, as it was in September 1661 . . .1664
Partie orientale du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France : ou sont les provinces, ou pays de Sagvenay, Canada, Acadie etc., les peuples, ou nations des Etechemins, Iroquois, Attiquameches etc., auec la Nouvelle Angleterre, la Nouvelle Ecosse, la Nouvelle Yorck, et la Virginie, les isles de Terre Neuve, de Cap Breton etc., le Grand Banc etc.
John Ogilby - Novum Amsterodamum., Montanus Arnoldus 1625-1683, cartographer
Novum Amsterodamum.
Partie orientale du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France : ou sont les provinces, ou pays de Sagvenay, Canada, Acadie etc., les peuples, ou nations des Etechemins, Iroquois, Attiquameches etc., auec la Nouvelle Angleterre, la Nouvelle Ecosse, la Nouvelle Yorck, et la Virginie, les isles de Terre Neuve, de Cap Breton etc., le Grand Banc etc. dressee sur les memoires les plus nouveaux
A description of the Towne of Mannados or New Amsterdam : as it was in September 1661, lying in latitude 40 de: and 40 m:, anno Domini 1664.
Map of the original grants of village lots from the Dutch West India Company to the inhabitants of New-Amsterdam (now New-York) lying below the present line of Wall Street : Grants commencing A.D. 1642
A view of New York, Governors Island, the River &c. from Long Island.
P. Stuyvesant
Gov. Stuyvesant's house, erected 1658, afterwards called The Whitehall
The flag of the Dutch West India Company
P. Stuyvesant
The Governor's House and the church in the fort under the Dutch
[Stuyvesant passing through the streets of N.Y.]
The De Peyster mansion in Queen Street.
View of Harlaem from Morisania in the province of New York Septemr. 1765
New York with the entrance to the North and East River
Govr. Stuyvesant destroying the summons to surrender N.Y.
North view of the dock New York 1679
Vue de Nouvelle Yorck
Peter Stuyvesant.
New York (A. The Fort; B. The Chappel; C. Secretary Office; D. The Great Dock; E. Part of Nutten Island; F. Part of Long Island; G. Dutch Church; H. English Church; I. The City Hall; K. The Exchange; L. French Church; M. Ship Warfes; N. The Ferry House; O. Cattle Pen)
DINNER TO THE COMMANDER & OFFICERS OF ROYAL NETHERLAND'S VAN SPEYK [held by] THE HOLLAND SOCIETY OF NEW YORK [at] "FORT ORANGE CLUB, ALBANY, NY" (OTHER (CLUB);)
Map of the original grants of village lots from the Dutch West India Company to the inhabitants of New-Amsterdam (now New-York) lying below the present line of Wall Street : Grants commencing A.D. 1642
Old Peter Stuyvesant on the cover of the Fall style book
Novum Amsterodamum. View from the south issued 1671.
View of Niew Amsterdam, 1659 surrounded by pictures of individual buildings, and scenes in Irving's works. Above: Knickerbocker quadrilles. Below: Respectfully dedicated to Washington Irving, Esq. by the publishers
Titlepage.
A description of the towne of Mannados: or New Amsterdam, as it was in September 1661 . . .1664. Lith. for D. T. Valentine's manual for 1859, by George Hayward. ; entered. . .1859, by George Hayward
T'Fort Nieuw Amsterdam op de Manhatans.
Een Mahakuase Indiaen, met hun Steden en woningen.
Man, at left. with bow and arrows seated on ground, handing beaver[?] to a woman, at right, standing. On banderole, over clouds: Nieu Amsterdam, al. New Yorck
Een Virginiaen na hun manier gekleedt.
New York a city in N. America inhabited by English and Dutch subject to the K. of England.
De Koning Pouhatan in Syn hoogste Staet
Nieu Amsterdam, een stedeken in Noord Amerikaes, Nieu Hollant, op het eilant Mankattan: namaels Nieu jork genaemt, toen het geraekte in 't gebiet der Engelschen.
Van d'eylanden Bermudes, Berbados, St. Christoffel, en d'ander Caribische eylanden
Virginia Nieu Neder-landt.  Nieu Engelandt.
New York. A. The fort. B. The chappel.
Collier's Greater New York, Petrus Stuyvesant, Governor of New Amsterdam, 1647, January 25, 1902, Price Ten Cents
New York. References . . . New York is situated . . . masts, etc.
The Old Rigging House.
New York City Hall of 250 years ago
The figurative map of Adriaen Block
Partie orientale du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France : ou sont les  provinces, ou pays de Sagvenay, Canada, Acadie ... auec la NouvelleAngleterre, La Nouvelle Ecosse, la Nouvelle Yorck, et la Virginie ...
Afbeeldinge van de Stadt Amsterdam in Nieuw Neederlandt.
Redraft of the Castello plan.
Nieu Amsterdam, at. New Yorck.
Nieu Amsterdam at. New York.
Dutch cottage in Beaver Street, 1679.
Survey of a "Certain neck of land--lying upon the main, and adjoining upon Harlem River."
A south prospect of ye flourishing city of New York in the province of New York in America.
Map of New Netherland: according to the charters granted by the States General on the 11th October 1614 and 3rd June 1621 to illustrate Brodhead's History of the state of New York
Map of New Netherland with a view of New Amsterdam (now New York), A.D. 1656
120 William Street.  The Rigging House.
Old Reformed Dutch Church 1776. Formerly standing in Fulton St. near Smith St.
Nieu Amsterdam, een stedeken in Noord Amerikaes Nieu Hollant, op het eilant Mankattan, namaels Nieu Jork genaemt, toen het geraekte in 't gebiet der  Engelschen = Amstelodamum recens, postea Anglis illud possidentibus dictum Eboracum novum, Hollandiae novae, id est Americae Mexicanae sive septentronalis oppidulum
Map of the original grants of village lots from the Dutch West India Company to the inhabitants of New-Amsterdam (now New-York) lying below the present line of Wall Street : Grants commencing A.D. 1642
A draught of the coast of NEW HOLLAND and parts Adjacent
The islands of the East Indies with the channels between India, China & New Holland.
8TH ANNUAL DINNER ON OCCASION OF THE TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-SIXTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDING OF NEW AMSTERDAM [held by] SOCIETY OF COLONIAL WARS IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK [at] "DELMONICO'S, NEW YORK, NY" (REST;)
Redraft of the Castello Plan, New Amsterdam in 1660.
South West view of Fort George with the city of New York
An Indian village of the Manhattans, prior to the occupation of the Dutch
New Amsterdam (now New York) as it appeared about the year 1640
Nieuw Amsterdam 1659
New Amsterdam, a small city on Manhattan Island
A view of New York, Governors Island, the river &c from Long Island
Governor Stuyvesant's mansion.
Peter Stuyvesant.
Old Dutch house, Kips Bay, New-York.
Middle Dutch Church, Nassau Street.
A view of New Amsterdam in 1656, the church built in the fort (now the Battery) in 1642.
Amsterdam in New Netherland, 1653-1664
Middle Dutch Church, Nassau Street.
R.M.S. Nieuw Amsterdam
DINNER TO THE COMMANDER & OFFICERS OF ROYAL NETHERLAND'S VAN SPEYK [held by] THE HOLLAND SOCIETY OF NEW YORK [at] "FORT ORANGE CLUB, ALBANY, NY" (OTHER (CLUB);)