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History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Historians place the past in context using historical sources such as written documents, oral accounts, ecological markers, and material objects including art and artifacts.

History also includes the academic discipline which uses narrative to describe, examine, question, and analyze a sequence of past events, and investigate the patterns of cause and effect that are related to them. Historians seek to understand and represent the past through narratives. They often debate which narrative best explains an event, as well as the significance of different causes and effects. Historians also debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur), are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends. History differs from myth in that it is supported by evidence. However, ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation. History is often taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.

Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is often considered (within the Western tradition) to be the "father of history", or, the "father of lies". Along with his contemporary Thucydides, he helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their works continue to be read today, and the gap between the culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical writing. In East Asia, a state chronicle, the Spring and Autumn Annals, was known to be compiled from as early as 722 BC although only 2nd-century BC texts have survived.

History Media

74,551 media by topicpage 1 of 746
The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of  the Quraysh.

The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of the Quraysh...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the Prophet, tells Muhammad that Abû Bakr would like to give his daughter 'Â'ishah in marriage to him.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at the 'Ukâz Fair.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their belief in the Prophet, telling them that Muhammad is a sorcerer.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at people of his tribe who will not listen to him.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at p...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Jibrîl (Gabriel) invites Hazrat Muhammad for his night journey (the Mi'râj).

Jibrîl (Gabriel) invites Hazrat Muhammad for his night journey (the Mi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshim, trying to convince him on his deathbed to become a Muslim.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the leaders of the Kindah tribe.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the lea...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam slays Qulûn. - Persian manuscript
Rûdâba giving birth to Rustam.
Jamshîd enthroned flanked by an angel and a swordbearer.
Rustam kills Alkûs. - Persian manuscript
The baby Rustam in swaddling clothes is suckled by one of his ten wet nurses.
Garshâsp hits a lion with his mace.
The king of Hâmâvarân sues Rustam for peace.

The king of Hâmâvarân sues Rustam for peace.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The birth of Rustam. - miniature, medieval manuscript

The birth of Rustam. - miniature, medieval manuscript

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Karta Chernago moria iz portolana Gratioza Beninkazy 1474 g. Tekst str.15
The Visitation, anonymous printmaker, German
János Hunyadi
Traversée : danse de nègres.
Karta Tabula Moderna Sarmatiae Eur. Iz latinskago izdaniia Geografii Ptolemeia, Argentorati, 1513. Text str.15
Karta Rossii Batisty Agneze 1525g Tekst str.3
Sposalizio del gobbo nan
Karta srednei Rossii Seb. Miunstera iz ego izdaniia Polistor'a Solina, Basileae, 1538. Tekst str.6
Aldegrever Heinrich - Two Torch-Bearers
Schema huius praemissae divisionis sphaerarum [page 5]
Karta Rossii Seb. Miunstera iz ego Kosmografii 1544g. Tekst str,6
Karta Rossii Gerbershteina, gravirovannaia Girshfogelem v 1546g. Tekst str,6
Karta Rossii Ia. Gastal'do 1548 iz italianskago perevoda Geografii Ptolemeia, Venetiis, 1561 Tekst str.9
Karta Rossii by Ia. Gastal'do 1548 iz italianskago izdaniia Geografii Ptolemeia, Venetiis, 1548. Tekst str.9
Karta Rossii Seb. Miunstera iz latinskago izdaniia ego Kosmografii 1549g Tekst str,6
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules and Cerberus
Reiter, Reiter-General unter Karl V, Dame. 1560
Karta Rossii Gerbershteina, gravirivannaia na derevie Ia.Gastal'do dlia italianskago perevoda Zapisok o Moskovii, Venetiis, 1550. Tekst str.7
Karta Rossii Gerbershteina, gravirovannaia na miedi Ia.Gastal'do v 1566g. Tekst str.7
Karta Rossii Gerbershteina, pokrytaia lesami, iz latinskago izdaniia Zapisok o Moskovii, Basileae, 1556. Tekst str.8
Karta Rossii Gerbershteina iz latinskago izdaniia Zapisok o Moskovii, Basileae. 1556. Tekst str.8
Karta Rossii Gerbersteina iz latinskago izdaniia Zapisok o Moskovii Antverpiae, 1557g. Tekst str.8.
Karta Iugo-Zapadnoi Rossii Ia. Gastal'do 1562g. Tekst str.9
Karta Rossii Dzhenkinsona 1562g. Tekst str.10.
Karta Evropeiskoi Sarmatii Andreia Pograbiia 1570g. Tekst str.11
Karta Rossii Antoniia Vida ok.1537g. s ottiska, gravirovannago F.Gogenbergom v 1570g. Tekst str.4
Isole famose porti: fortezze, e terre maritime sottoposte alla Ser.ma Sig.ria di Venetia, ad altri Principi Christiani, et al Sig.or Turco nouamẽnte poste in luce
Istitvtioni harmoniche del rev. messere Gioseffo Zarlino, title page
Nûh [Noah] on the Ark.
Karta Litvy M.Strubicha, izd. v 1589g.Str.2
Karta Rossii G.Merkatora 1594g. Tekst str.11
Karta Iuzhnoi Rossii G.Merkatora 1595g. Str.2.
Litva G.Merkatora 1595g. Str.1.
Karta Rossii I.Magina iz italianskago izdaniia Geografii Ptolemeia, Venetiis 1596g. Tekst str.12.
Karta Rossii Dzhenkinsona iz Epitome Theatri Orteliani, Antverpiae, 1601. Tekst str.11
Karta Rossii S.Neigebauera 1612g. Tekst str.12.
Karta Litvy kn. N.Khr.Radzivila, 1613g. Str.3
Karta Litvy kn. N.Khr.Radzivila, 1613g. Str.3
Karta Litvy kn. N.Khr.Radzivila, 1613g. Str.3
Karta Litvy kn. N.Khr.Radzivila, 1613g. Str.3
Military uniforms: Austria, Kürassier 1618
Military uniforms: Austria, Kürassier. 1618
Execution uber sodomitigsc der Statt Brug
Military uniforms: Austria, Trompeter 1620
D. Philip. IV. Hisp. et Ind. regi opt. max. Ioannes de Solorzano Pereira..., [Title page]
The generall historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer isles: with the names of the adventurers, planters, and governours from their first beginning ano: 1584. to this present 1626. With the proceedings of those severall colonies and the accidents that befell them in all their journyes and discoveries. Also the maps and descriptions of all those countryes, their commodities, people, government, customes, and religion yet knowne. Divided into sixe bookes. By Captaine Iohn Smith sometymes governour in those countryes & admirall of New England.
Karta Iuzhnoi Rossii I.Massy 1633g Tekst str.15.
Spetsial'naia karta Ukrainy G.de Boplana1650g. Tekst str.21
Spetsial'naia karta Ukrainy G.de Boplana1650g. Tekst str.21
Spetsial'naia karta Ukrainy G.de Boplana1650g. Tekst str.21
Karta Ukrainy V.Boplana 1650g. Tekst str. 15
Spetsial'naia karta Ukrainy G.de Boplana1650g. Tekst str.21
Karta Rossii Gesseliia Gerritsa 1614 v izdanii Piskatora 1651g. Tekst str.12
The lively effigies of Theinmingus [the] present emporer of the Western Tartars, who hath lately overrrun and possessed himself almost of the whole empire of China
Chinese emperor killing his daughter
Female warrior and Chinese emperor
The true portraiture of a Mandarine or Governour of China, and of the lady his wife, being exactly copied from two statues brought from Macao by Captn. William Bradbent
The vindication of astrology &c
Enseigne en bois scuplté et peint d'un aubergiste, figurant l'appareil de Besnier «l'homme volant» de Sablé (1678).
Cornelis Danckerts I - La dance de Laloÿeau
Composuit Zeuxes Iunonem e Quinque Puellis; Parrhasius Velo, Volucris Ceu Fallitur Uva.
A ground plott of Westminster Hall, shewing the position and dimensions of the severall tables, seats, cupboards, galleries &c on the day of their Majesties coronation. 23 Apr. 1685.
A prospect of the inside of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster, from the Quire to the East End, with the furniture thereof, as it apeared before the Grand Proceeding entred; shewing the position of the altar, theatre, thrones, chairs, pulpit, benches, seats and galleries.
A prospect of the inside of Westminster Hall, shewing how the King and Queen, with the nobility and others, did sit at dinner on the day of the coronation, 23 Apr. 1685, with the manner of serving up the first course of hot meat to their Majesties table.
The inthronization of their Majesties King James the second and Queen Mary.
The first plate of the regalia : the open pall, the supertunica of cloath of gold, the surcoat of crimson sattin, a armilla, the colobium sindonis, a buskin, a sandall, the spurrs, the ampulla or eaglet, the anointing spoon, King Edwards Chair in which his Majestie was crownd, curtana or the sword of mercy, the second sword, the third sword.
The sub-dean & confessor; the prebemdaroes pf Westminster, in number 12; the dean of Westminster; the master of the tewell house; privy councellors, not peers.
Barons in number thirty six; bishops, in number nine; portcullis pursuivant; blewmantle pursuivant.
The Queens Majestic; the Bishop of London; the Bishop of Winchester; the Dutchess of Norfork; four earls daughters; sixteen barons of the Qnaue ports; a lady of the Bed chamber; two of her majesties women; gentlemen pensioners.
The choir of Westminster in number 16; the groom of the vestry; the organ blower; two sackbuts, and double courtal; gentlemen of the Chapel Royal, in number 32.
The Queens vice chamberlain; two gentlemen ushers; the Queens lord chamberlain; the queens ivory rod, borne by the Earl of Dorset; the Queens scepter with the cross, borne by the Earl of Rutland; the Queens Crown, borne by the Duke of Beaufort.
Viscountesses, in number three; Viscounts, in number five; Chester herald, Somerset herald; countesses, in number twenty nine.
The orb, borne by the Duke of Someset; the crown, borne by the Duke of Ormond; the scepter with the dove, borne by the Duke of Albemarle;...gentlemen pensioners.
The Kings Herb-woman, & her 6 Maids, with baskets of sweet herbs & flowers, strewing the way; the deans beadle of Westin; the high constable of Westminster; a fife; drums; the drum major.
A marchioness; York herald alone, Windsor herald supplying the place of Garter; Duchesses, in number eight; a duke.
A perspective of Westminster-Abby from the high-altar to the west end, shewing the manner of His Majesties crowning.
Children of the choir of Westminster in number 8; the sergeant porter; the sergeant of the vestry; children of his Majesty Chapel Royal, in number twelve.
Aarenceux King of Armes; Norroy King of Armes; The Lord Privy Seal; The Lord Archbishop of York; The Lord High Treasurer; The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury; the Lord Keeper of the great Seal; The Duke of Normandy; The Duke of Aquitaine.
The closet keeper of the Chapell Royal; the Kings chaplains having dignities, in number 14; Aldermen of London, in number 21.
The history of the coronation of ... James II ... King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, and of ... Queen Mary ... in ... Westminster ... the 23 of April ... 1685 ... [Title page]
The manner of the champions performing the ceremony of the challenge.
The ground plot of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster with two profiles relating thereunto...23 Apr. 1685.
Gentlemen of the privy chamber, in number twenty seven; Judges, in number 9; the Lord chief justice of the Kings bench; the Lord chief Baron of the exchequer.
Population of Albany County & Indians 1689 - 1698.
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