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Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and also known as D.C. or Washington, is the capital city of the United States of America. It is located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, with Congress holding its first session there in 1800. The city was named for George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father, and the federal district is named after Columbia, a female personification of the nation. As the seat of the U.S. federal government and several international organizations, the city is an important world political capital. It is one of the most visited cities in the U.S., with over 20 million visitors in 2016.

The U.S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of U.S. Congress; the district is therefore not a part of any U.S. state. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River near the country's East Coast. The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the national capital. In 1801, the land, formerly part of Maryland and Virginia (including the settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria), officially became recognized as the federal district. In 1846, Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia, including the city of Alexandria; in 1871, it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the district.

The city had an estimated population of 705,749 as of July 2019, making it the 20th-most populous city in the U.S. and giving it a population larger than that of two U.S. states. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth-largest (including parts of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia), had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents.

The three branches of the U.S. federal government are centered in the district: Congress (legislative), the president (executive), and the Supreme Court (judicial). Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, primarily situated on or around the National Mall. The city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profits, lobbying groups, and professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, the AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, and the American Red Cross.

A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the district since 1973. Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. D.C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the district has no representation in the Senate. District voters choose three presidential electors in accordance with the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961.

Washington, D.C. Media

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Plan der stad Washington : bestemd tot de hoofdstad van America, en ter bestendige verblijfplaats van het Congres, naa het jaar 1800.
Plan of the city of Washington : now building for the metropolis of America, and established as the permanent residence of Congress after the year 1800
Plan de la ville de Washington en Amèrique
Plan of the city of Washington.
Map of the country between Washington & Pittsburg refering to the contemplated Chesapeake & Ohio Canal and its general route and profile, October 1826
Map of Virginia and Maryland, constructed from the latest authorities.
Fletcher, Elizabeth [Affadavit certifying that Elizabeth Fletcher is a free woman. Top reads "District of Columbia, Washington County..."]
Map of the city of Washington in the District of Columbia : established as the permanent seat of the government of the United States of America
City of Washington.
[Studio portrait of unidentified man with long sideburns and wavy hair.]
Robert Douglass, dyeing and cleaning business, Washington, D.C.
BREAKFAST & DINNER MENU [held by] TREMONT HOUSE [at]  WASHINGTON, D.C. (HOTEL)
The National Cemetery, rear of Soldiers' Home, Washington, D.C. : Under the supervision of Capt. James M. Moore, A.Q.M., U.S.A.
DINNER MENU [held by] WILLARDS HOTEL [at] "WASHINGTON, D.C." (HOTEL)
Studio portrait of John C. Napier
Portrait of three Chinese students at Howard University: Leon Assing, Fong Affoo, and Choy Awah
Dr. Crumwell., Washington, D.C.
Your friend, Jno. H. Smith.
Lottie Grimke.
First Colored Battalion, District of Columbia, National Guard; On Pensylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.; Parading the National Guard before going to France.
[Oval quarter-length portrait of unidentified young woman, her bodice center trimmed with lace.]
F St.
Soldiers] Home,  New York Avenue [Washington, D.C.] [Group of civilians and invalid soldiers on porch and wooden walkway of lodgings].
View on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.[Soldiers, civilians  and children stand in front of a large brick corner building.]
Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C.
Home : Capitol Hill.
Head Quarters F St.
Soldiers] Home, New York Avenue [Washington, D.C.] [Man stands at left opposite porch, church steeple visible in rear].
Store house, F Street.
DINNER [held by] HUBEL'S RESTAURANT AND HOTEL [at] 301-309 WASHINGTON STREET BROOKLYN NY (HOTEL)
Colored Yeowomen; Employees of Navy Department, Washington, D.C.
Soldiers] Home, New York Avenue [Washington, D.C.] [View of Home from street; soldiers stand at attention near horse and wagon].
Hospital, Washington.
Negro slum area between D and C Streets off 1st Street, SW, Washington, D.C.; Most houses have five small rooms renting for $20.50 a month, with rear wood kitchen shed, cold water, outdoor privy.
Wartime vacations; Sunday cyclists watching sailboats at Haines Point; Washington, D.C.
Outside water supply; Washington, D.C.; September 1935.
DINNER TO THE COMMISSIONERS FROM ENGLAND, GERMANY AND DENMARK TO THE COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION [held by] COMMISSIONERS FROM THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA TO THE WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION [at] "THE ARLINGTON, WASHINGTON, D.C." (HOTEL)
Letter to Jefferson Davis, Washington, D. C.
North front of the president's house.
Plan of the city of Washington in the territory of Columbia : ceded by the states of Virginia and Maryland to the United States of America and by them established as the seat of their government after the year MDCCC
Plan of the city of Washington in the territory of Columbia : ceded by the states of Virginia and Maryland to the United States of America, and by them established as the seat of their government, after the year MDCCC
Plan of the city of Washington.
A correct map of the city of Washington : capital of the United States of America : lat. 38.53 n., long. 0.0
A correct map of the city of Washington : capital of the United States of America : lat. 38.53 n., long. 0.0
Geographical, statistical, and historical map of the District of Columbia
Letter to Charles H. Wharton, Washington [D. C.]
DINNER [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
BREAKFAST [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
LUNCHEON [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
DINNER [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
BREAKFAST [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
DINNER [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
BREAKFAST [held by] TENNESSEE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION [at] [SR RR]ENROUTE NASHVILLE TO WASHINGTON [DC] (RR;)
Washington from the President's house.
The Most Reverend John Carroll, D.D., first archbishop of Baltimore.
Letter to A[aron] Ward [Washington, D. C.]
Letter to [Bushrod Washington, Washington, D. C.?]
Letter to Henry R[owe] Schoolcraft [Washington, D. C.?]
Letter to Thomas Law [Washington, D. C]
Letter to Charles Fenton Mercer, House of Representatives, Washington [D. C.]
Letter to Robert W. Johnson, Chairman Printing Committee, Washington, D. C.
ANNUAL DINNER [held by] PRINCETON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND SOUTHERN STATES [at] RAUSCHER'S ([REST?];)
DINNER ON HONOR OF THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE TOUR OF THE EVENING AND SUNDAY STAR'S [held by] GREATER WASHINGTON TRAIN TOUR [at] "NEW WILLARD [WASHINGTON, [DC]" (RR;)
The President's House, Washington., Fenner Sears Co
View of Washington D.C.
Washington [D.C.], as it is seen from the President's House looking down Pennsylvania Avenue towards the Capitol in the distance.
Interior of the House of Representatives, Washington [D.C.]
U.S. Department City of Washington.
Astronomical observatory, Georgetown College, D.C.
East front of the capitol at Washington City.
BANQUET TO VISITING GRAND MASTERS [held by] GRAND LODGE F.A.A.M OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA [at] "THE RALEIGH, WASHINGTON, D.C." (HOTEL;)
ANNUAL BANQUET [held by] PATENT LAW ASSOCIATON OF WASHINGTON [at] "SHOREHAM, THE, WASHINGTO, DC" (HOTEL;)
President's House White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The Colossal Bronze Equestrian Statue of Gen. Andrew Jackson.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Jackson Bronze Statue. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Bronze Statue of Gen l' Jackson.
The Colossal Bronze Equestrian Statue of Gen. Andrew Jackson.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Presidents House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
South Front of the President's House.
The Colossal Bronze Equestrian Statue of Gen. Andrew Jackson.
The China in Private Dining - Room in the President's House.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
President's House White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Jackson Bronze Statue. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
The Colossal Bronze Equestrian Statue of Gen. Andrew Jackson.
Views of the interior of the President's House (Great East Room.)
The Great East Room, (in the President's House.)
The Colossal Bronze Equestrian Statue of Gen. Andrew Jackson.
The President's House White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Views of the interior of the President's House.
The President's House. White House, Washington DC. 19th century.
Gen. A. Jackson Statue Lafayette Sq., Wash.,D.C.
Views of the interior of the President's House (Great East Room.)
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