New York Public Library's
New York Public Library'sPublic Domain ArchiveNot developed or endorsed by NYPL. Part of the World's largest public domain source PICRYL.com.

Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (listen)) is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is Japan's capital and largest city; other major cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Japan is the eleventh-most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 125.71 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents.

Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period (30,000 BC), though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and his imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Beginning in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun) and feudal lords (daimyō), and enforced by a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted an isolationist foreign policy. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, which led to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-styled constitution and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization. In 1937, Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under a seven-year Allied occupation, during which it adopted a new constitution. Since 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature, the National Diet.

Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the Group of Seven. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains Self-Defense Forces that are ranked as the world's fourth-most powerful military. After World War II, Japan experienced high economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990 before being surpassed by China in 2010. Despite stagnant growth since the Lost Decade, the country's economy remains the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by PPP. A leader in the automotive and electronics industries, Japan has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked the second-highest country on the Human Development Index in Asia after Singapore, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is experiencing a decline in population. The culture of Japan is well-known around the world, including its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which encompasses prominent animation and video game industries.

Japan Media

4,898 media by topicpage 1 of 49
Scroll I.
Scroll I.
Scroll1_0
Scroll3_2
Scroll6_19
Scroll6_24
Scroll1_6
Scroll3_0
Scroll2_12
Scroll6_20
Scroll6_7
Scroll 5_9
Scroll3_8
Scroll3_11
Scroll3_13
Scroll6_2
Scroll4_15
Scroll1_9
Scroll4_10
Scroll3_26
Scroll 5_8
Scroll2_9
Scroll4_12
Scroll1_10
Scroll1_15
Scroll2_11
Scroll2_5
Scroll1_12
Scroll6_13
Scroll6_14
Scroll4_5
Scroll3_6
Scroll1_8
Scroll4_3
Scroll1_4
Scroll4_9
Scroll4_13
Scroll6_9
Scroll3_25
Scroll 5_6
Scroll2_6
Scroll1_1
Scroll4_16
Scroll6_6
Scroll3_12
Scroll 5_0
Scroll1_22
Scroll6_25
Scroll6_10
Scroll1_18
Scroll1_25
Scroll4_2
Scroll1_21
Scroll1_28
Scroll6_0
Scroll6_3
Scroll2_0
Scroll3_9
Scroll6_21
Scroll 5_2
Scroll 5_4
Scroll3_21
Scroll3_3
Scroll6_1
Scroll1_23
Scroll3_15
Scroll6_16
Scroll3_1
Scroll1_7
Scroll2_7
Scroll2_1
Scroll1_5
Scroll6_4
Scroll1_16
Scroll2_3
Scroll1_26
Scroll4_1
Scroll1_20
Scroll2_8
Scroll1_24
Scroll3_14
Scroll6_23
Scroll1_3
Scroll1_19
Scroll3_16
Scroll3_17
Scroll6_22
Scroll 5_1
Scroll4_7
Scroll3_10

New York Public Library's

The media on this page is placed in the public domain by New York Public Library, an essential provider of free books, information, ideas, and education for all New Yorkers for more than 100 years. Founded in 1895, NYPL is the nation’s largest public library system, featuring a unique combination of 88 neighborhood branches and four scholarly research centers, bringing together an extraordinary richness of resources and opportunities available to all. Serving more than 17 million patrons a year, and millions more online, the Library holds more than 51 million items, from books, e-books, and DVDs to renowned research collections used by scholars from around the world.

Disclaimer: The media on this page is placed in the public domain by New York Public Library, 445 Fifth Avenue, 4th Floor New York, NY. Read more: https://www.nypl.org/research/collections/digital-collections/public-domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by NYPL, https://www.picryl.com

Developed by GetArchive, 2015-2021