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Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen), is a country in Central and Western Europe. Covering an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), it lies between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the semi-presidential Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two new German states were founded: the Federal Republic of Germany, generally known as West Germany, and the German Democratic Republic, East Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community and the European Union, while the German Democratic Republic was a communist Eastern Bloc state and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the fall of communism, German reunification saw the former East German states join the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

Today, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. With over 83 million inhabitants of its 16 constituent states, it is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the largest economy in Europe, the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial, scientific and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods. As a developed country, which ranks very high on the Human Development Index, it offers social security and a universal health care system, environmental protections, and a tuition-free university education. Germany is also a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, and the OECD. Known for its long and rich cultural history, Germany has many World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world.

Germany Media

13,648 media by topicpage 1 of 137
Calvary, anonymous printmaker, German, 14th century
St. John writing and the Trinity
The Visitation, anonymous printmaker, German
St. Wolfgang, anonymous printmaker, German
[Basse danse]
The Man of Sorrows with the Virgin
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Three Trombonists
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Couple Embracing
Aldegrever Heinrich - Master of Ceremonies with a Dog
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple, Back to Back
Aldegrever Heinrich - Couple Embracing
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Two Torch-Bearers
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - The Creation of Eve
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules and the Hind
Aldegrever Heinrich - The Fight with the Nemean Lion
Leda with the Swan and Hercules as a Child
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules Killing Cacus
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules and Cerberus
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules Killing the Dragon Ladon
Hercules Preventing the Centaurs from the Rape of Hippodameia
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules Fighting the River-God Achelous
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules and Atlas
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules Fighting the Hydra of Lerna
Aldegrever Heinrich - The Pillars of Hercules
Aldegrever Heinrich - Hercules Killing Nessus
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Three Musicians Playing Crumhorns
Aldegrever Heinrich - Dancing Couple
Aldegrever Heinrich - Daniel Cross-Examining the Elders
Lot and His Family Fleeing from Sodom
Aldegrever Heinrich - Susanna Accused of Adultery
Arcvs facvltatis philosophicae
Execution uber sodomitigsc der Statt Brug
Zwölff geistliche Andachten, dari[n]nen gar schöne trostreiche Gebet begriffen, [Binding]
Gillray James - The German dancing master
Taglioni, als Donaumädchen
Paul Taglioni (fac. sig.): Auguste Hüssener sc
Commedia dell'arte - Der Schäffler-Tanz in München
[Die Maskerade]
Hr. Rehfeldt als Blaise in dem Ballet Die Eifersüchtigen auf dem Lande
Panorama des Rheins und seiner nächsten Umgebungen von Mainz bis Cöln.
Fanny Elssler. [Lithograph by] Jentzen.
Scene of cattle and sheep drinking in stream, from original by Heinrich Roos.
Scene of boys playing cards, from original by Murillo.
Der Hirt und die Schæferin.
Der Kriegsgefangene.
Die jungen Lœwin.
After children eating sweets, original by Murillo.
Scene of two cherubs and a lamb, from original by Scarsellino.
Die leichnam Christi.
After evening, original by Pieter van der Leeuw.
After the toilette, original by Murillo.
Die Anbetung der Hirten.
Scene of shepherdess and shepherd drinking while tending flock, from original by Roos.
Königl. Bayer, [Title page]
After two works by Mieris; woman playing a lute; woman feeding a parrot.
Pierre Paul Rubens - Der Kindermord zu Bethlehem.
Hollændische Zechstube.
After two works by Brouwer; man receiving stitches; men smoking.
Die Loewin.
Scene of cow drinking at a stream with shepherdess, from original by Pieter van der Leeuw.
Scene of trees and a stream, from original by Antoni Waterlo.
After children eating grapes and melon, original by Murillo.
After crying girl with letter, original by Pietro Rotari.
Hollændische Wirtsstube
Die Testaments erœffnung.
After torrent with oak trees, original by Jacob van Ruisdael.
Ludwig I Koenig von Bayern
Pierre Paul Rubens - Et inclinato capite, tradidit spiritum. Joan. XIX. 30.
Die heilige Familie.
Die büssende Magdalena.
Christus als Knabe.
After sleeping girl, original by Pietro Rotari.
Die Bærenhatze.
Pierre Paul Rubens - Die Aussœhnungang der Sabiner mit den Rœmern.
Pierre Paul Rubens - Die Gefanngennehmung Simsons.
Die himmelfahrt Mariæ.
Die heil. Magdalena.
Die Schweinschatz.
Die Dame am Putztische.
Die heilige Familie.
La Madonna di tempi.
After small beggars playing a game of dice, original by Murillo.
After a lady with a parrot and child, original by Caspar Netscher.
Die Sænger.
Pierre Paul Rubens - Die keusche Susanna.
After the little fruitseller, original by Murillo.

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