NYPL's Public Domain Archive. Not developed or endorsed by NYPL. Part of the World's largest public domain source PICRYL.com.

A book is a medium for recording information in the form of writing or images, typically composed of many pages (made of papyrus, parchment, vellum, or paper) bound together and protected by a cover. The technical term for this physical arrangement is codex (plural, codices). In the history of hand-held physical supports for extended written compositions or records, the codex replaces its predecessor, the scroll. A single sheet in a codex is a leaf and each side of a leaf is a page.

As an intellectual object, a book is prototypically a composition of such great length that it takes a considerable investment of time to compose and a still considerable, though not so extensive, investment of time to read. In a restricted sense, a book is a self-sufficient section or part of a longer composition, a usage that reflects the fact that, in antiquity, long works had to be written on several scrolls and each scroll had to be identified by the book it contained. Each part of Aristotle's Physics is called a book. In an unrestricted sense, a book is the compositional whole of which such sections, whether called books or chapters or parts, are parts.

The intellectual content in a physical book need not be a composition, nor even be called a book. Books can consist only of drawings, engravings or photographs, crossword puzzles or cut-out dolls. In a physical book, the pages can be left blank or can feature an abstract set of lines to support entries, in an account book, an appointment book, an autograph book, a notebook, a diary or a sketchbook. Some physical books are made with pages thick and sturdy enough to support other physical objects, like a scrapbook or photograph album. Books may be distributed in electronic form as e-books and other formats.

Although in ordinary academic parlance a monograph is understood to be a specialist academic work, rather than a reference work on a scholarly subject, in library and information science monograph denotes more broadly any non-serial publication complete in one volume (book) or a finite number of volumes (even a novel like Proust's seven-volume In Search of Lost Time), in contrast to serial publications like a magazine, journal or newspaper. An avid reader or collector of books is a bibliophile or colloquially, "bookworm". A place where books are traded is a bookshop or bookstore. Books are also sold elsewhere and can be borrowed from libraries. Google has estimated that in 2010, approximately 130,000,000 titles had been published. In some wealthier nations, the sale of printed books has decreased because of the increased usage of e-books.

Book Media

92,574 media by topicpage 1 of 926
Mol[i]tvʹnikʹ o gospodě Bozě pochina︠i︡emʺ ... Slūzhba s[via]togo Īoana Zlatousta ...
Sefer Tsurat ha-arets = Sphaera Mundi
L'antica mvsica ridotta alla moderna prattica, Copy 2
Les singvlaritez de la France Antarctiqve,avtrement nommeé Amérique: & de plusieurs terres & isles decouuertes de nostre temps
Cosmographey oder beschreibung aller Länder, Herrschafften, fürnẽmsten Stetten, geschichten, gebreüchẽ, handtierungen &c: Item mit hübschen Figuren vñ Landtaflen geziert, vnd werden dariñ contraschtet acht vñ viertzig Stett, bey dreissig auss Teütscher nation nach jrer gelegẽheit, von der Stetten Oberkeiten, sampt jren beschreibungen, dohin verordnet
Ioyfull nevves out of the newe founde worlde : wherein is declared the rare and singuler vertues of diuerse and sundrie hearbes, trees, oyles, plantes, and stones, with their aplications, as well for phisicke as chirurgerie :
Dell'Historia Natvrale Di Ferrante Imperato ... Libri XXVIII. Nella Qvale Ordinatemente Si Tratta della diuersa condition di miniere, e pietre
Relation of a Journey Begun an Dom 1610: Foure Bookes Coutaining a Description of the Turkish Empire, of Aegypt, of the Holy Land, of the Remote Parts of Italt, and Islands Adjoyning
The golden trade
Arco trivmphal, y explicacion de svs historias, empressas, y hieroglyphicos
Vida, virtvdes y milagros del nvevo Apostol del Pirv el Vereable P.F. Francisco Solano
Peregrinacio del venturos pelegri
A discourse concerning coining the new money lighter: In answer to Mr. Lock's considerations about raising the value of money
Choregraphie: ou L'art de décrire la dance, par caracteres, figures et signes démonstratifs, avec lesquels on apprend facilement de soy-même toutes sortes de dances
Money and trade considered : with a proposal for supplying the nation with money
Ḥeleḳ rishon mi-Sefer ha-ʻOlamot, o, Maʻaśeh Ṭoviyah: kolel ha-arbaʻ ʻolamot : ṿe-neḥelaḳ la-ḥamishah ḥalaḳim: ha-ḥeleḳ ha-rishon medaber ba-ʻolam ha-ʻelyon she-hu ʻolam ha-ruḥani : ha-sheni ba-ʻolam ha-emtsaʻi she-hu ʻolam ha-galgalim : ha-shelishi ba-ʻolam ha-shafal she-hu ʻolam shelanu : ha-reviʻi ba-ʻolam ha-ḳaṭan she-hu ha-adam : ha-ḥamishi bi-yesode ha-ʻolam : ṿe-hino kolel kamah alafim yediʻot
The chimera: or, The French way of paying national debts, laid open. Being an impartial account of the proceedings in France, for raising a paper credit, and settling the Mississippi stock
La Nouvelle France, ou La description de la Louisiane: Connuë sous le nom de Misissipi. Nouvellement decouverte par ordre du roy. Avec les mœurs  la maniere de vivre des sauvages;  les premieres habitations de nos François
The speech of the Right Honourable John Aislabie, esq.; upon his defence made in the House of lords, against the bill for raising money upon the estates of the South-Sea directors, on Wednesday the 19th of July 1721
Le maître a danser: Qui enseigne la maniere de faire tous les differens pas de danse dans toute la regularité de l'art,  de conduire les bras à chaque pas. Enrichi de figures en taille-douce, servant de démonstration pour tous les differens mouvemens qu'il convient faire dans cet exercise...
various habits of the Chinese and Tartars. Opp. p. 139
Relaçaõ da entrada que fez o excellentissimo, e reverendissimo senhor D. Fr. Antonio do Desterro Malheyro bispo do Rio de Janeiro, em o primeiro dia deste prezente anno de 1747 ...
Thomas Jefferson: “List of Books for a Private Library”. Thomas Jefferson Papers
As you like it: A comedy
Gospodina Leona Sapīekhi Kantslera Velikagō Kniazhestva Litevskagō Uvieshchatelnoe pisanīe iz Varshavy 1622ō goda do Īōsafata Kūntsevīcha Arkhi-Ep[is]k[o]pa Polotskagō Unīi pisanoe
Ma'aseh Yehudit
William Blake - TheBook of Thel
The American spelling book: ontaining an easy standard of pronunciation. Being the first part of a Grammatical institute of the English language
William Blake - Visions of the daughters of Albion ...
Lady Anne Hamilton commonplace book of poetry
The importance and propriety of a better system of musical education: as a medium for moral training
The cabinet dictionary: containing an explanation of all the terms used in the cabinet, chair & upholstery branches; with directions for varnish-making, polishing, and gilding...
Mary Wollstonecraft - Elisa, ossia, È una disgrazia l'esser donna ...
Traité élémentaire, théorique et pratique de l'art de la danse: contenant les développemens, et les démonstrations des principes généraux et particuliers, qui doivent guider le danseur
Hokusai manga / Katsushika Iitsuō hitsu
Cloudesley: a  tale [holograph novel]
The Yankee tar : an authentic narrative of the voyages and hardships of John Hoxse, and the cruises of the U.S. frigate Constellation, and her engagements with the French frigates Le Insurgente and Le Vengeance, in the latter of which the author loses his right arm, and is severely wounded in the side
Les livres sacrés de l'Orient, comprenant: le Chou-king ou le Livre par excellence: les Sse-chou ou les Quatre livres moraux de Confucius et de ses disciples: les Lois de Manou...: le Koran de Manomet: traduits ou Revus et publiés par G. Pauthier
A manual of the British Algae : containing generic and specific descriptions of all the known British species of sea-weeds, and of conferae, both marine and fresh-water
L'Enlèvement d'Hèlène opp. p. 224
Reuben Rattle the younger son: holograph, 1847-1848
Theworks of William E. Channing, volume 2
Life and adventures of the accomplished forger and swindler, Colonel Monroe Edwards.
Theworks of William E. Channing, volume 6
Narrative of William W. Brown: an American slave
The g'hals of Boston; or, Pen and pencil sketches of celebrated courtezans. By one of 'em
Book of nonsense
La sténochorégraphie: ou, Art d'écrire promptement la danse, par Arthur Saint-Léon.  Avec la biographie et le portrait des plus célèbres maîtres de ballet anciens et modernes de l'école française et italienne
Bouffes-Parisiens; Offenbach als Leierkastenmann opp. p. 192
Offenbach-Karikatur anlässlich der Auffuhrung von "Vert-Vert," 1869; Offenbach-Karikatur von Gill, 1861 opp. p. 208
The black man: his antecedents, his genius, and his achievements
History of the 116th Regiment U.S.C. Infantry: from its organization in the early part of the spring and summer of 1864, to the present time, giving a list of names of all officers and enlisted men who have ever belonged to the regiment
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
The black crook, an original magical and spectacular drama in four acts
David Copperfield.: A reading. In five chapters
Clotelle; or, The colored heroine, a tale of the Southern States
The Negro in the American rebellion [microform] his heroism and his fidelity.
George Eliot - The widow and the wife Book 6
George Eliot - The dead hand Book 5
George Eliot - Waiting for death Book 3
George Eliot - Miss Brooke Book 1
George Eliot - Three love problems Book 4
George Eliot - Sunset and sunrise Book 8
George Eliot - Two temptations Book 7
Hayes and Wheeler campaign song book, for the centennial year: containing over sixty original songs, adapted to popular melodies
Le livre de Ruth traduit de la Sainte Bible
Sing A Song for Six Pence
The Diverting History of John Gilpin
Pour l'histoire--27 mars 1883,--recueil de documents manuscrits et inédits.
Galley proofs for the novel Germinal, with the author's manuscript corrections
The first colored Baptist church in North America: constituted at Savannah, Georgia, January 20, A.D. 1788 : with biographical sketches of the pastors
History of the First African Baptist Church : from its organization, January 20th, 1788, to July 1st, 1888. Including the centennial celebration, addresses, sermons, etc.
A collection of revival hymns and plantation melodies
Elementos de analogía y sintaxis de la lengua castellana, extractados de la Gramática de la Real academia española
Catalogue of Standard New Jersey Records: for the Edison Phonograph
Deux amours
Robinzon, o, Lah mizeriyah
Khor l︠i︡ubiteleĭ dukhovoĭ muzyki: sosto︠i︡ashchiĭ pod Avgust︠i︡eĭshim Gosudar︠i︡a Imperatora pokrovitelʹstvom : ocherk, 1858-1897
The American Brook Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis.
Hybrid Trout -- Cross of the Lake and Brook Trout.
The Weakfish or Squeteague, Cynoscion regale.
The uncalled; a novel
Original cover page
Title page.
The Eastern or Banded Pickerel, Lucius reticulatus.
The Blackfish or Tautog, Tautoga onitis.
The Common Bullhead or Horned Pout, Amiurus nebulosus.
The Brown or German Trout, Salmo fario.
The Rock Bass, Ambloplites rupestris.
The Striped Mullet, Mugil brasiliensis.
The Rocky Mountain Whitefish, Coregonus williamsoni.
The Porgee or Scup, Stenotomus chrysops.
The Kern River Trout, Salmo irideus gilberti.
The Spanish Mackerel, Scomberomorus maculatus.
The Mangrove Snapper, Lutjanus griseus.
The Mirror Carp, Cyprinus carpio.
The Unspotted Mascalonge of Wisconsin, Lucius masquinongy.
The Cisco of Lake Geneva, Wis., Argyrocomus artedi sisco.
The Montana Grayling, Thymallus signifer montanus.
The Spotted Sea Trout, Cynoscion maculatum.
Previous

of 926

Next