New York Public Library
New York Public Library

Public Domain Archive

Part of PICRYL.com. Not developed or endorsed by NYPL.

  • homeHome
  • searchSearch
  • photo_albumStories
  • collectionsCollections
  • infoAbout
  • star_rateUpgrade
Neptune: J. B. Martin inv. Gaillard sculp

Neptune: J. B. Martin inv. Gaillard sculp

  • save_altThumbnail200x200
  • save_altSmall444x640
  • save_altMedium710x1024
  • save_altLarge1109x1600
  • save_altOriginal1109x1600
description

Summary

Ballet origin can be traced to the 17th century's elaborate and flamboyant entertainments celebrating marriages of wealth and power devised at European Royal courts. King Louis XIV of France, known as the Sun King, was a passionate dancer himself. The performances were a mixture of spoken word, music, dance and pantomime. They contained spectacular ceremonial processions with technical effects and extravagant costumes. The scenarios were based by the myths of ancient Greece and Rome or on themes such as the four seasons, the natural world or events happening in distant lands. Costumes were imaginative and fantastical, decorated with symbols designated to help the audience to recognize the characters in the story. The size of these costumes often limited dancers movements.

During Middle Ages, Church considered dance as a sin and condemned it. Records of Medieval dance are fragmented and limited, but a noteworthy dance reference from the medieval period is the allegory of the Danse Macabre. During the Renaissance, dance experienced growing popularity. Country dances, performed for pleasure, became distinct from court dances, which had ceremonial and political functions. In Germany, originated from a modified ländler, the waltz was introduced in all the European courts. The 16th century Queen of France Catherine de' Medici promoted and popularized dance in France and helped develop the ballet de cour. The production of the Ballet Comique de la Reine in 1581 is regarded by scholars as the first authentic ballet. In the 17th century, the French minuet, characterized by its bows, courtesies and gallant gestures, permeated the European cultural landscape.

date_range

Date

1770 - 1778
person

Contributors

Martin, Jean-Baptiste
Gaillard, René, 1722-1790
place

Location

Paris
create

Source

New York Public Library
copyright

Copyright info

Exploreinv

Exploremartin inv

Exploregaillard

New York Public Library

The New York Public Library has been an essential provider of free books, information, ideas, and education for all New Yorkers for more than 100 years. Founded in 1895, NYPL is the nation’s largest public library system, featuring a unique combination of 88 neighborhood branches and four scholarly research centers, bringing together an extraordinary richness of resources and opportunities available to all. Serving more than 17 million patrons a year, and millions more online, the Library holds more than 51 million items, from books, e-books, and DVDs to renowned research collections used by scholars from around the world.

Disclaimer: The media on this page is placed in the public domain by New York Public Library, 445 Fifth Avenue, 4th Floor New York, NY. Read more: https://www.nypl.org/research/collections/digital-collections/public-domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by NYPL, https://www.picryl.com

Developed by GetArchive, 2015-2019