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London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea. London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core and financial centre − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits. The adjacent City of Westminster is an Inner London borough and has for centuries been the location of much of the national government. Thirty one additional boroughs north and south of the river also comprise modern London. London is governed by the mayor of London and the London Assembly.

London is one of the world's most important global cities. It exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation. It is one of the largest financial centres. In 2019, London had the highest number of ultra high-net-worth individuals in Europe. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe, and London is home to highly ranked institutions such as Imperial College London in natural and applied sciences, and the London School of Economics in social sciences. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games.

London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region. Its estimated mid-2018 municipal population (corresponding to Greater London) was 8,908,081, the third-most populous of any city in Europe and accounts for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the third most populous in Europe, after Moscow and Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The London commuter belt is the second-most populous in Europe, after the Moscow Metropolitan Area, with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016.

London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement in Greenwich where the Royal Observatory, Greenwich defines the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries, libraries and sporting events. These include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.

London Media

2,052 media by topicpage 1 of 21
Arcvs facvltatis philosophicae
Pascaarte van Engelant, van't voorlant tot Blakeney waer in te sien is de mont van de Teemse ; Rivier van London.
A prospect of the inside of Westminster Hall, shewing how the King and Queen, with the nobility and others, did sit at dinner on the day of the coronation, 23 Apr. 1685, with the manner of serving up the first course of hot meat to their Majesties table.
A ground plott of Westminster Hall, shewing the position and dimensions of the severall tables, seats, cupboards, galleries &c on the day of their Majesties coronation. 23 Apr. 1685.
A prospect of the inside of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster, from the Quire to the East End, with the furniture thereof, as it apeared before the Grand Proceeding entred; shewing the position of the altar, theatre, thrones, chairs, pulpit, benches, seats and galleries.
The sub-dean & confessor; the prebemdaroes pf Westminster, in number 12; the dean of Westminster; the master of the tewell house; privy councellors, not peers.
The Queens Majestic; the Bishop of London; the Bishop of Winchester; the Dutchess of Norfork; four earls daughters; sixteen barons of the Qnaue ports; a lady of the Bed chamber; two of her majesties women; gentlemen pensioners.
The choir of Westminster in number 16; the groom of the vestry; the organ blower; two sackbuts, and double courtal; gentlemen of the Chapel Royal, in number 32.
The Kings Herb-woman, & her 6 Maids, with baskets of sweet herbs & flowers, strewing the way; the deans beadle of Westin; the high constable of Westminster; a fife; drums; the drum major.
Children of the choir of Westminster in number 8; the sergeant porter; the sergeant of the vestry; children of his Majesty Chapel Royal, in number twelve.
The closet keeper of the Chapell Royal; the Kings chaplains having dignities, in number 14; Aldermen of London, in number 21.
The history of the coronation of ... James II ... King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, and of ... Queen Mary ... in ... Westminster ... the 23 of April ... 1685 ... [Title page]
The ground plot of the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster with two profiles relating thereunto...23 Apr. 1685.
North America : corrected from the observations communicated to the Royal Society at London and the Royal Academy at Paris
AHarlot's Progress, Plate 4 [Beating Hemp in Bridewell]
AHarlot's Progress, Plate 2 [Quarrels with her Protector]
William Hogarth - AHarlot's Progress, Plate 5 [Her death]
AHarlot's Progress, Plate 1 [Her arrival in London]
William Hogarth - Sarah Malcolm
AHarlot's Progress, Plate 1 [Her arrival in London]
William Hogarth - The Company of Undertakers
Marriage A-La-Mode.  Plate I.  [The Contract]
William Hogarth - Simon Lord Lovat
The Industrious 'Prentice grown rich and Sheriff of London [plate 8]
The Fellow 'Prentices at their Looms [plate 1]
The Industrious 'Prentice Alderman of London, the Idle one brought before him & Impeach'd by his Accomplice [plate 10]
The Idle 'Prentice turn'd away, and sent to Sea [plate 5]
The Idle 'Prentice betray'd by his Whore, and taken in a Night Cellar with this Accomplice [plate 9]
The Industrious 'Prentice performing the Duty of a Christian [plate 2]
The Industrious 'Prentice out of his Time, and Married to his Master's Daughter [plate 6]
The Industrious 'Prentice Lord-Mayor of London [plate 12]
The Idle 'Prentice at Play in the Church Yard, during Divine Service [plate 3]
Copy of letter to John Harvey from London, Grenada plantation records
Letter to John Harvey from London re: payments, Grenada plantation records
Letter to William Samuel Johnson, London
A new map of North America with the West India Islands : divided according to the preliminary articles of peace, signed at Versailles, 20 Jan. 1783, wherein are particularly distinguished the United States, and the several provinces, governments &ca which compose the British Dominions laid down according to the latest surveys and corrected from the original materials, of Goverr. Pownall, Membr. of Parliamt. London.
London bridge dance
"The sword, and the pike, the sabre, and lance, were bravely employ'd 'gainst the legions of France", page 5
"Resolv'd on proclaiming a submarine feast", frontispiece
Front cover
"Old wife, most highly provok'd, that by the tobacco-pipe fish she'd been smok'd", page 8
"And the dignifi'd dolphin, the pattern of fashion", page 12
"His Majesty spouted", page 14
The Mermaid "at home!", [Title page]
"The Codfish from Newfoundland bank found its way", page 7
"And now to get ready, each fish was in motion", page 6
"That notable gambler, the Shark", page 12
Rupture entre Lord-donnant et Miss-prend, danseuse du Théâtre de Londres
Watchman. Alexander William, British
Shoe black.
Chimney sweepers.
Water cresses.
Billy Waters.
Fortune teller.
Apple boy.
Fish woman.
[Illustrated title page.]
Milk girl.
[Title page.]
May Day.
Adelphi Theatre playbills, 1830-1831
Columbine. Mrs. Gibson, late Miss Davis, of Covent Garden Theatre.
Die Herren Lawrence und Redisha: erste Mimiker des Covent-Garden Theaters in London, in ihren Vorstellungen auf dem Theater an der Wien
Jullien's celebrated polkas. No. 1, the original polka, as danced at the soirées de haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, &c.&c.
Jullien's celebrated polkas. No. 1, The original polka, as danced at the soirées du haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, &c.&c. Dedicated to Mr. E. Coulon by Jullien. M. & N. Hanhart, Chromo Lith. Printers.
celebrated polkas, as danced at the soirees du .haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, & c. Composed by Jullien. [Lithograph] Thayer & Co's Lith.
Mr & Miss Marshall in their celebrated Pas styrien. As danced by them at the Theatres - Royal - Covent Garden & Drury Lane, London.
Arrival of the royal procession at the custom-house quay
Mose among the Britishers; or, The b'hoy in London
Group of plate by Garrard of London.
The crystal fountain F & C Osler of London and Birmingham.
Paper hanging by Hinchliffe & co. of London.
Silk brocades - by Campbell, Harrison & Lloyd, of Spitalfields, for Howell James & co. of London and by Vanner & son of Spitalfields.
A group of objects in glass - cut and engraved. Consisting of an engraved claret, and cut cream jug by Green of London - a Venetian champagne and an engraved ale glass by Bacchus of Birmingham - and an engraved claret glass and cut salt cellar by Apsley Pellatt of London.
Scene from the ballet of La brésilienne, at the Royal Italian Opera House, Covent Garden
Covent Garden Theatre : to be opened this evening.
Covent Garden Theatre: to be opened this evening
Convicts exercising at Pentonville Prison
Portraits at The VanderWeyde Light Studios, 182 Regent Street W, P. xvii (opp. p. 64)
Letter from Florence Maybrick to Lord Charles Russell
Is Mrs. Maybrick Guilty? [Cover and first page]
Letter from Florence Maybrick to Lord Charles Russell
Broadway, East Side. 3rd St. to Old London Bldg.
A sight I never want to see again, p. 61
View in Stratford, p. 226
A Woman's Club at the Public House Door, p. 301
The Ghetto Market, p. 222
Whitechapel, p. 223
Dorset Street, Spitalfields, p. 2
Exhibit number eight. London cord.
Oak cabinet, with circular convex panels, having incised arabesque ornament filled in with black composition. Royal Scottish Musuem, Edinburgh. Walnut chair (chaise sans bras), with interlaced floral ornament on the back. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Henri Deux carved coffer, or bahut, ca. 1555. Donation Sauvageot, Musée du Louvre, Paris. Oak screen of the same French period, Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

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