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Latin (latīnum, [laˈtiːnʊ̃] or lingua latīna, [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire. Latin has contributed many words to the English language. In particular, Latin (and Ancient Greek) roots are used in English descriptions of theology, the sciences, medicine, and law. It is the official language in the Holy See (Vatican City).

By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin. Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus and Terence and author Petronius. Late Latin is the written language from the 3rd century; its colloquial form Vulgar Latin developed in the 6th to 9th centuries into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Sardinian, Venetian, Neapolitan, Sicilian, Piedmontese, Lombard, French, Franco-Provençal, Occitan, Corsican, Ladin, Friulan, Romansh, Catalan/Valencian, Aragonese, Spanish, Asturian, Galician, and Portuguese. Medieval Latin was used as a literary language from the 9th century to the Renaissance which used Renaissance Latin. Later, Early Modern Latin and New Latin evolved. Latin was the language of international communication, scholarship and science until well into the 18th century, when vernaculars (including the Romance languages) supplanted it. Ecclesiastical Latin remains the official language of the Holy See and the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church.

Latin is a highly inflected language, with three distinct genders, six or seven noun cases, five declensions, four verb conjugations, six tenses, three persons, three moods, two voices, two or three aspects, and two numbers. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.

Latin Media

6,134 media by topicpage 1 of 62
Opening of text, initial with Jerome writing, smaller initials with penwork, rubric, chapter number and book name. Note of provenance in lower margin
Column of illustrations of Creation. Rubric
Final note in lower right corner of page
Page of text with initial and penwork, chapter number and book name in red and blue
Larger sheet, containing end of Interpretation of Hebrew Names
Psalm 98, 99, fol. 162
Miniature of Cancer, with text, catchword and 1-line blue initials
Preclarissimus liber elementorum Euclidis perspicacissimi: in artem Geometrie incipit quãfoelicissime, [2a]
János Hunyadi
Danae in a tower
Christ as Man of Sorrows, [Title page]
The Marriage of the Virgin
Apocalipsis cum figuris, [Title page]
Vtopiae insvlae figvra ; Vtopiensivm alphabetvm
Pomponii melae de orbis sitv libri tres... , [Title page]
Schema huius praemissae divisionis sphaerarum [page 5]
Nicolai Copernici Toriensis De revolvtionibvs orbium cœlestium, [Title page]
Decima tertia musculorum tabula.
Nona musculorum tabula. [Rear view of the body muscles]
Octaua musculorum tabula. [Shows face with tongue sticking out]]
Prima musculorum tabula. [Shows human muscles]
Anatomical atlas: Duodecima musculorum tabula.
Tertia pagina figurarum capitalium. [9 pictures of the brain and its parts]
Tert. fig.: Integram totius magnæ arteriæ ab omnibus partibus liberæ delineationiem monstrat.
Secunda pagina figurarum capitalium. [Human brain, 5 pictures]
Tertia ossium tabula [Skeleton in aiming position]
Nona ac postrema huius tractatus figura.
Nude male with an apple in his left hand, and a modest female
Vndecimina figura. [Digestive tract, 11 pictures]
1. Musculorum laringis quartuordecim figurç - 2. De musculis peni peculiaribus.
Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio, ære exarata, [Title page]
Prima pagina figurarum capitalium [Human brain]
Septima neruorum figura -- Octaua neruorum figura.
Tertia musculorum tabula. [Showing the figure with open hands]
Quarta musculorum tabula. [Shows the muscles with fingers pointing down]
An atomy of the male body
The Digestive organs (4 illustrations)
Decima quinta musculorum tabula quae preterea continet figuras ...
Quarta pagina figurarum capitalium [12 illustrations of the brain]
Anatomical atlas: Vndecima musculorum tabula.
Anatomical atlas: Sexta musculorum tabula.
Prima huirus tractatus fig: Venæ portæ ortum progresumque' præseferens.
Secv. fig: Integra et ab omnibus partibus ... [Male figure showing the arteries and veins]
Quinta figura. [Digestive tract, another view]
Anatomical atlas: Quinta musculorum tabula.
Septima musculorum tabula. [Gruesome figure hanging with a noose around its neck]
Quanta neruorum tabula. [Human ervous system]
Sixta fig.: Venarum panter acarterum Carebri senem explicat -- Ven & arterialis delineatio -- Arteria venalis processvs.
Secunda musculorum tabula. [Shows muscles in a walking position]
Anatomical atlas: Female reproductive system
Anatomical atlas: Human digestive system
Decima quarta musculorum tabula.
Secunda ossium tabula [Human skeleton inspecting a skull and in deep thinking]
Anatomical atlas: Decima musculorum tabula.
Sexta neruorum tabula. [Nerves of the spine]
Anatomicorum instrumentorum delineatio [Various medical apparatuses]
Prima neruorum figura -- Secunda neruorum figura. [Brain and cranial nerves]
Sefer Tsurat ha-arets = Sphaera Mundi
L'antica mvsica ridotta alla moderna prattica, Copy 2
Complutensian Polyglot Bible
Nervus opticus, [Book 1, page 6]
Ergo ignominium, ciui quam nulla notat lex, Hanc Regi aterno crimina nostra ferunt?
Aeternum laudanta piis, memorandáque planctu Aeterno prauis, una eadémque dies
Pavpertas commerita. Vacantes potibut consumentur... - recht ghebruyck ende misbruyck van tydlycke have
38. Homo volans
Enea Vico - [Title page] Vetvstissimae... tabvlae aeneae Aegyptiorvm ...
Joseph Hawley Papers - Texts in Latin
Dancing monkeys
Syllabvs errorum et contradictionvm, I, Lipsii, Quae in polit.
Heinrich Khunrath - Porta amphitheatri sapientiae aeternae...
Heinrich Khunrath - Verea secri...
Bananas siue Ananas fructus ... ; Papas Indorum ... ; Radix castanea quam ....
St. Brendan holding mass on the back of a whale
Palazzi di Genova, [Inside front cover]
D. Philip. IV. Hisp. et Ind. regi opt. max. Ioannes de Solorzano Pereira..., [Title page]
America, siue, India Nova.
The seraphim
The vertves
The dominations
The powers
The principat
Americae nova tabula
The cheribum
The throne
The hierarchie of the blessed angells, [Title page]
The S. Michael archangel
The angell
Jan Galle - Speculum diuersarum imaginum speculatiuarum
Chinese emperor killing his daughter
Female warrior and Chinese emperor
Geometria, à Renato Des Cartes anno 1637 gallicè edita ...  , [Frontispiece & title page]
Athanasius Kircher - Empyreum ...
Fig. 1. Systema Ptolemaecum, Fig. 2. Systema Platonicum, Fig. 3. Systema Aegyptiacum, Fig. 4. Systema Tychonicum, Fig. 5. Systema Semi-Tychonicum, Fig. 6. Systema Copernicanum
Athanasius Kircher - Iter extaticum Kircheranium... , [Title page]
[Frontispiece] Theatrum Machinarum Novum.
Sapientia Sinica, [Title page]
[Title Page] Theatrum Machinarum Novum.
Full-page miniature of the Assumption of the Virgin, with opening of text for vespers, initials, rubrics, flower design
Explicit of text with scribal colophon
Systema cosmicvm, autore Galilaeo Galilaei...  [Title page]

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