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jewish war

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35 BCE: Mariamme upbraids Herod for having put to death her grandfather, Hyrcanus II.
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68 CE: The Idumaeans decide to overthrow John of Giscala and invite Simon son of Gioras into Jerusalem to oppose him and the Zealots.
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7 BCE: Herod's sons Alexander and Aristobulus are charged in another plot to kill Herod. Herod has them executed at Sebaste, Samaria.
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68 CE: Niger the Peraean, a Jewish officer, exhibits his wounds as evidence of his courage in the campaigns against the Romans. Nevertheless, he is dragged through the city by the Zealots and then murdered.
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67 CE: As the Romans ascend the ramparts, the defenders of Jotapata pour boiling oil on them.
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67 CE: The insurgents of Tarichaeae throw themselves on the mercy of Vespasian, but his lieutenants advise him to execute them.
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67 CE: The intriguer John son of Levi (John of Giscala) incites a rebellion in the town of Giscala in the Upper Galilee. After persuading Titus not to attack the town on the Sabbath, John flees at nightfall from Giscala to Jerusalem with some of his followers.
4 BCE: Herod accuses his son, Antipater, of treason.
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67 CE: Working under constant fire from Roman catapults and archers, Jewish masons raise the walls of the fortress of Jotapata by thirty feet. Josephus has devised a method to protect the masons by ordering a series of palisades to be erected and overlaid with ox hides to deflect the Roman missiles.
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68 CE: The Idumaeans encamp before the walls of Jerusalem. During the night, a violent and torrential thunderstorm convulses the city, portending calamity.
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70 CE: The parties of both John of Giscala and Simon son of Gioras set fire to buildings stocked with provisions, exacerbating the famine that besets Jerusalem.
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70 CE: Judas, a lieutenant of Simon son of Gioras, plots to surrender Jerusalem; but Simon, discovering the plan, kills the rebels and mutilates their corpses.
63 BCE: Aristobulus II, a suppliant to Pompey the Great, offers to surrender himself and Jerusalem.
70 CE: Titus sends Josephus to speak to the Jews in their own language and urge them to surrender: ""God is fled out of his sanctuary, and stands on the side of those against whom you fight.'
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69 CE: War breaks out in Rome between the supporters of the emperor Vitellius and those of Vespasian.
67 CE: Vespasian burns the Galilean city of Gabara. So bitter is their memory of the defeat of Cestius that the Romans also burn all the surrounding villages and towns.
70 CE: Titus holds a war council with his officers. He decides to blockade Jerusalem by building a wall around the entire city, with every exit blocked and guarded. The wall, 4 1/2 miles long, is completed in only three days.
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66 CE: After an impassioned speech by Herod Agrippa II urging the Jews to avoid war with Rome by paying the tribute tax, magistrates disperse to the villages to levy the tribute.
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68 CE: Vespasian marches on Gadara (a town in Peraea, east of the Jordan) and Gadarene leaders welcome him enthusiastically.
68 CE: The Romans plunder Bethennabris and set the village on fire.
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