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China (Chinese: 中国; pinyin: Zhōngguó), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; Chinese: 中华人民共和国; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion in 2019. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million mi2), it is the world's third or fourth-largest country by area. As a one-party state led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the country officially divides itself into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

China emerged as one of the world's first civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. China was one of the world's foremost economic powers for most of the two millennia from the 1st until the 19th century. For millennia, China's political system was based on absolute hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since then, China has expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin reunited core China and established the first Chinese empire. The succeeding Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements. The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty (618–907) and Northern Song (960–1127) completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread widely in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and the Horn of Africa. The Qing Empire, China's last dynasty, suffered heavy losses to foreign imperialism. The Chinese monarchy collapsed in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, when the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the Qing dynasty. China was invaded by the Empire of Japan during World War II. The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949 when the CCP led by Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China on mainland China while the Kuomintang-led ROC government retreated to the island of Taiwan.

Since economic reforms in 1978, and its entry into the World Trade Organization in 2001, China's economy grew to the largest in the world by PPP in 2014, and became the second-largest country by nominal GDP in 2010. China is the world's fastest-growing major economy, the second-wealthiest nation in the world, and the world's largest manufacturer and exporter. China has lifted 850 million people out of poverty, and has the highest number of people in the top 10% of the wealthiest individuals in the world.

China is a unitary one-party socialist republic and is one of the few nominally socialist states. The Chinese government has been denounced by political dissidents and human rights activists for widespread human rights abuses, including political repression, suppression of religious and ethnic minorities, censorship, mass surveillance, and their response to protests, notably the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. The country is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, the People's Liberation Army, and the second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since replacing the ROC in 1971. China has been characterized as an emerging superpower due to its large economy and powerful military.

China Media

7,066 media by topicpage 1 of 71
The lively effigies of Theinmingus [the] present emporer of the Western Tartars, who hath lately overrrun and possessed himself almost of the whole empire of China
Chinese emperor killing his daughter
Female warrior and Chinese emperor
The true portraiture of a Mandarine or Governour of China, and of the lady his wife, being exactly copied from two statues brought from Macao by Captn. William Bradbent
Noordtoost cust van Asia, van Japan tot Nova Zemla.
Two drawings of women, two drawings of boats.
Two drawings of boats.
[Four drawings of people.]
[Four drawings of women.]
Drawing of a woman seated at a table, putting on her shoe.
[Four drawings of flowers.]
Four drawings of vegetables.
Two drawings of women, one drawing of a boys with a dragon costume, one drawing of a boy with a fish toy.
Two drawings of boats.
[Four drawings of flowers.]
Drawing of a woman seated at a round table.
Four drawings of insects.
Drawing of a man on horseback, drawing of a boat with two people rowing.
Three drawings of insects, one drawing of flowers.
[Four drawings of people.]
[Four drawings of people.]
Two drawings of people, one drawing of a boat.
Two drawings of boats.
Drawing of a woman seated at a table with a large piece of cloth.
[Four drawings of people.]
Two drawings of boys, one drawing of a man.
Four drawings of insects.
[Four drawings of people.]
[Four drawings of flowers.]
Four drawings of fruit.
Two drawings of people, one drawing of a boat.
Drawing of a woman seated at a table, sewing [?] a cloth.]
Danseur chinois
One drawing of a boy carrying a lantern, one drawing of a boat.
Drawing of a boy carrying a fish toy, drawing of a boat.
Two drawings of flowers, one drawing of a boat.
Two drawings of people (one holding an incense pot), one drawing of a boat.
Four drawings of vegetables and fruit.
[Four drawings of people.]
Drawing of a woman seated at a table, cutting cloth.
[Three drawings of flowers.]
[Three drawings of people.]
Two drawings of people included a man on horseback, one drawing of a boat.
Two drawings of people, one drawing of a boat with two people rowing.
Two drawings of boats.
[Drawing of a woman spinning thread on a wheel.]
Two drawings of women, two drawings of boys, including one holding a large fish toy.
The Ambassadors introduction into the audience hall.
The Embassadors entry through the famous Chinese wall which is 1200 miles long.
The Embassadors audience of leave of the Emperor.
The Embassador entertained by the Emperor in the best audience chamber.
Thirty-six views of Jehol
various habits of the Chinese and Tartars. Opp. p. 139
Habit of an ambassador from China, in 1749. Ambassadeur Chinois.
Emperor of China in his robes, in 1700. L'empereur de la Chine.
Summer habit of a Chinese mandarin in 1700. Habillement d'ete de'un mandarin Chinois.
Habit of a lady of China in 1700. Dame Chinoise.
Habit of the emperor of China, in 1667. L'empereur de la Chine.
Habit of a lady of China in 1700. Autre dame Chinoise.
Winter habit of a Chinese Mandarin in 1700.
Bal chinois donné par l'empereur une fois tous les ans aux jours gras
George Henry Mason - Woman making embroidery
Les livres sacrés de l'Orient, comprenant: le Chou-king ou le Livre par excellence: les Sse-chou ou les Quatre livres moraux de Confucius et de ses disciples: les Lois de Manou...: le Koran de Manomet: traduits ou Revus et publiés par G. Pauthier
Vase in China from the royal manufactory at Sévres. [sic]
Tai ping tiao gui
Tai ping tian guo ... zou zhun ban xing zhao shu
Zhao shu gai xi ban xing lun
Tian tiao shu
Jian Tianjing yu Jingling lun
Tian fu xia fan zhao shu
Tian ming zhao zhi shu
Tian fu shang di yan ti huang zhao
Tian li yao lun
Tai ping jiu shi gao
Tai ping jun mu
Yu zhi qian zi zhao
Tai ping li zhi: [xu pian]
Xing shi wen
Xing jun zong yao
Tian qing dao li shu
Tian fu xia fan zhao shu
Tai ping tian guo ji wei jiu nian hui shi ti
San zi jing
Bian yao xue wei zui li lun
Kai chao jing zhong jun shi Gan wang hong bao zhi
Soochow Women, Playing Dominoes
Tai ping tian guo xin you shi yi nian xin li ban xing tian xia
Portrait of three Chinese students at Howard University: Leon Assing, Fong Affoo, and Choy Awah
Chinese Empire. advertising card
Excution of the Namoa Pirates Which Took Place on the 11th May 1891 at Kowloon City China
North temple pagoda, Soochow.
Birdseye view of bridges, Foochow.
Wheel-wrights at work, north China.
Souvenir album of China Title page
River cargo, Chiang Chin, Amoy Interiour.
Shanghai.  Native method of manufacturing cotton cloth.
Orchestra! Page 13
Sihu, Hangchow.
Sihu, Hangchow.
Canton Bund and harbor looking downstream.

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