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Austria ( (listen), ; German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐʁaɪ̯ç] (listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, listen ), is a landlocked East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine federated states (Bundesländer), one of which is Vienna, Austria's capital and its largest city. It is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Austria occupies an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi) and has a population of nearly 9 million people. While German is the country's official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.

Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation but pursued its own course independently of the other German states. Following the Austro-Prussian War and the compromise with Hungary, the Dual Monarchy was established.

Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of the union with Germany, which eventually failed because of the Allied Powers and the state remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.

Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.

The Second Republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. It plays host to the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

Austria Media

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Reiter, Reiter-General unter Karl V, Dame. 1560
Military uniforms: Austria, Kürassier 1618
Military uniforms: Austria, Kürassier. 1618
Military uniforms: Austria, Trompeter 1620
Military uniforms: Austria, Husar, 1700
Fêtes données à Vienne à l'occasion du mariage de Joseph II avec Marie Josephine Antoinette de Baviére, le 23 Janvier 1765.
Madame Folliazzi Angellino, premiere Danseuse au Theatre Imperial.
DasSchloss Schönbrunn gegen den Garten.
Carl Hermann Pfeiffer - Joseph Dorffmeister - Maria Medina Vigano
Carl Hermann Pfeiffer - Joseph Dorffmeister - Vigano - Terpsichoré
Angiolina Rainoldi, Erste charakter Tänzerinn des k. k. priv: Theaters in der Leopoldstadt
Ataliba König von Quito im Ballet die Inkas getanzt von H. Corally.
Zelika, Königin von Quito im Ballet die Inkas, getanzt von Mde. Corally.
Mlle Marianna Venturini
J. Aumer Ballet-Meister der R. R. Hof-Theater. Ged. in. Lithogr. Juit
Hr. Rozier und Dlle. Brugnoli im Ballete die Fee und der Ritter
Pia Ricci [written in pencil at lower right]: Dauthage nach der Natur lith
Joko, der brasilianische Affe, Ballet von Taglioni.
Das schweizer Milchmädchen, Ballet von Taglioni, Erkennungsscene
aus Liebe vermummte Neffe: Ballet von Petit, Erkennungs-Scene
Commedia dell'arte - Colombine aus der Feenwelt, Pantomime, die sogenannte Aschen-Scene
Panurge auf der Laternen Insel: Ballet von Astolfi
El ole. Pepita de Oliva
Adelheid von Frankreich: grosses Ballet von Henry, (die berühmte Kerkerscene)
[Fanny Elssler]. C[arl] Agricola pinx. Eybl lith.
Joseph Farkas ungarischer Tanzkünstler. Schoeller del. Geiger sc.
Fanny Elsler [sic] als Fenella, in der Stummen von Portici. Schoeller del. And. Geiger sc.
Robert der Teufel: grosse Oper von Meyerbeer
Ottavio Pinelli oder Schimpf und Rache, Ballet von Paul Samengo, Ballscene
Herr Klischnig in seinem sämtlichen Darstellungen im Theater an der Wien als Affe und Frosch.
Die Herren Lawrence und Redisha: erste Mimiker des Covent-Garden Theaters in London, in ihren Vorstellungen auf dem Theater an der Wien
Frederick Nash - Die Bajaderen aus Indien
Marie Taglioni (fac. sig.): Ged. bei Joh. Höfelich
Marie Taglioni als Sylphide
Military uniforms: Military uniforms: Austria, Lansquenets. [1512]
Arcieren Leibgarde, 1541   (Bodyguard of Archers)     (N)
Jullien's celebrated polkas. No. 1, the original polka, as danced at the soirées de haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, &c.&c.
Arcieren Leibgarde, 1541   (Bodyguard of Archers)     (N)
celebrated polkas, as danced at the soirees du .haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, & c. Composed by Jullien. [Lithograph] Thayer & Co's Lith.
Jullien's celebrated polkas. No. 1, The original polka, as danced at the soirées du haut-ton in London, Paris, Vienna, &c.&c. Dedicated to Mr. E. Coulon by Jullien. M. & N. Hanhart, Chromo Lith. Printers.
Dlle Helene Schlanzofsky: premiere danseuse au Théâtre Imp. et Roy. de Vienne, dans le ballet la Fée et le Chevalier
Portrait., portrait
Fanny Elssler in dem Divertissement: "Des Malers Traumbild.". Cajetan del. Berndt lith. Steindr. des T. Rauh.
Hermine Blangy [facsimile signature].
Fanny Elssler in dem Divertissement: "Des Malers Traumbild.". Cajetan del. Berndt lith. Steindr. des T. Rauh.
The Flower dance, by the Vienna children
Camara - Enthusiasmus. Albrecht. gedr. bei M. Bächer.
Petra Camara.
Austria
La Seguidilla. Polka-Mazurka, und Polka, in dem Ballet: Die Weiberkur: getanzt von Fräulein Marie Taglioni, für Clavier arrangirt von Louis Engel. [Lithograph] Anst. v. E. Siegir
A Mademoiselle Marie Taglioni. Satanella-quadrille pour le piano par Louis Engel
Der Erntetanz, die letzte Production der Kinder des Ballets der Madame Weiss
Fanny Elssler u. Herr Carey in dem Ballete "Faust" in der Scene "Die sieben Todsünden.".
Eveline Roll, Solotänzerinn am K. K. Hofoperntheater
Paul Taglioni [facsimile signature]
Pia Ricci
Wiener Musikverein, [Detail]
Austria., Abraham Ortelius
Salisburgensis Archiepiscopatus., Abraham Ortelius
Dreissigjäriger Krieg.  Arkabusier zu Pferd, Trompeter, Fähnrich, Officier, Musketier, Pikenier. 1630
Austria, Johann Tserklas Graf V. Tilly. 1632
Military uniforms: Austria, Three mounted officers. 1625
Military uniforms: Austria, General?. 1630
Military uniforms: Austria, Linie Infanterie. 1670
Military uniforms: Austria, Soldats Reg. Belge [?]. 1682
Bei der Errichtung 1688 unter Gr. Czobor.
Military uniforms: Austria, Husaren. 1700
Military uniforms: Austria, Officer, 1700
Military uniforms: Austria, Generaal  1700
Military uniforms: Military uniforms: Austria, Grenadier v. Reg. Bayreuth. 1701
Officier de Infanterie. Regiment Bischof v. Osnabrück, 1701
Military uniforms: Austria, Musketier, Grenadier, 1704
D. Juan de Austria.
Military uniforms: Austria, Trompeter. 1650
Military uniforms: Austria, Wallestein, Herzog v. Friedland.
Military uniforms: Austria, Fähnrich. 1650
Die Franziskanerkirche in Salzburg.
Military uniforms: Austria, Grenadieren
Military uniforms: Austria, Field kitchen?
Objects selected from a dessert service presented by her majesty the queen to the emperor of Austria. Exhibited by Minton of Stoke upon Trent.
Bookcover in carved ivory presented to her majesty the queen, by the emperor of Austria.
André Cardinal d'Autriche, Mathias Archid[uc] d'Autriche, Évèque de Constance (1600). Duc de Wirtemberg (1601). (Schrenck, Augustissimorum imperatorum, etc.)
Turdossin an der Arva. - Austro-Hungaria Militargeographisches Cartographer
Military uniforms: Austria, Czobor's Hussar Regiment. 168?
Austria, Infanterie Regiment [] [bottom edge broken off]
Military uniforms: Austria, Infanterie Regiment ....
Military uniforms: Austria, Karabiner. 168?
Oesterreich-Ungarn. Die Kaiserl. Reiter-Reg-ter spanischer Nation: [1]Hauptmann, Trommler, Grenadier, Dragoner vom Dragoner-Regiment Galbes; [2] Dragoner, Kürassier vom Kür.-Rgt. Cordova; [3] Unteroffizier der Karabinier-Komp. vom Kür.-Rgt. Morras-Onnobia
Military uniforms: Austria, Österreichische Infanterie, 1704
Military uniforms: Austria, Tambour, 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Husar, 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Musketier v. Rgt. Deutschmeister, 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Artillerie, 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Deutscher Husar 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Füsilier, 1710
Military uniforms: Austria, Grenadier, 1720
Military uniforms: Austria, Need. Dragoner Reg. Westerloo, 1725
Military uniforms: Austria, Dragoner Reg. Westerloo Trompeter, 1725
Military uniforms: Austria, [Dragoner], 1730
Military uniforms: Austria, Chvauxlegers, 1730
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