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Art is a diverse range of human activities involving the creation of visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), which express the creator's imagination, conceptual ideas, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. Other activities related to the production of works of art include art criticism and the history of art.

The three classical branches of visual art are painting, sculpture, and architecture. Music, theatre, film, dance, and other performing arts, as well as literature and other media such as interactive media, are included in a broader definition of the arts. Until the 17th century, art referred to any skill or mastery and was not differentiated from crafts or sciences. In modern usage after the 17th century, where aesthetic considerations are paramount, the fine arts are separated and distinguished from acquired skills in general, such as the decorative or applied arts.

Though there is no generally agreed definition of what constitutes art, and ideas have changed over time, general descriptions typically include an idea of imaginative or technical skill stemming from human agency and creation. The nature of art and related concepts, such as creativity and interpretation, are explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics.

Art Media

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The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of  the Quraysh.

The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of the Quraysh...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the Prophet, tells Muhammad that Abû Bakr would like to give his daughter 'Â'ishah in marriage to him.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at the 'Ukâz Fair.

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at th...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, followed by Abû Bakr and 'Alî, goes to ask support of his uncle 'Abbâs at the 'Ukâz Fair and to invite the people to Islam.

Muhammad, followed by Abû Bakr and 'Alî, goes to ask support of his un...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their belief in the Prophet, telling them that Muhammad is a sorcerer.

Abû Jahl, his speech restored, again urges the people to abandon their...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad at al-Masjid al-Aqsâ leads the earlier prophets and angels in prayer.

Muhammad at al-Masjid al-Aqsâ leads the earlier prophets and angels in...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at people of his tribe who will not listen to him.

Abû Jahl, Muhammad's most prominent opponent in Mecca, is angered at p...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and allegiance.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and all...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Illuminated pages

Illuminated pages

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshim, trying to convince him on his deathbed to become a Muslim.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshi...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the leaders of the Kindah tribe.

Muhammad, seated before a mihrab made of inlaid wood, talks to the lea...

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Rustam's First Feat: Rakhsh kills a lion while Rustam sleeps.

Rustam's First Feat: Rakhsh kills a lion while Rustam sleeps.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Zahhak enthroned, surrounded by five courtiers.

Zahhak enthroned, surrounded by five courtiers.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

The birth of Rustam.

The birth of Rustam.

Life of the Prophet Muhammad written at the order of the Mamluk sultan al-Mansûr 'Alâ' al-Dîn 'Alî (d. 778/1376). The work was first illustrated during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Murâd III.

Scroll I.
L'opera
Harlequin
Pamone
Thesée
Alceste
Armide
Psyché

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