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Hajar el Lagweh, "The speaking stone." A rock covered with Sinaitic inscriptions in Wâdy Berrah, "The valley of the passer-out." From this valley you pass into a more open country and leave the sandstone district.

Wâdy Feirân. Acacia seyal is the same as the shittim-tree. The Arabs lop these trees for charcoal, &c., in the cruellest and most unscientific manner.

Wâdy Maghâra, Sinai.

Mountains at the head of Wâdy Lejâ.

Near the mouth of the Wâdy Taibeiyeh, looking north west.

Wâdy Sidreh. The Wâdies Mukatteb, Sidreh and Igné all debouch into the Seib Sidreh.

The outlet of Wâdy Nagb Buderah, in the Seih Sidreh. The Acacia seyal is the shittah or shittim tree of the Bible. The "seyal" is the only timber tree of any size in the Arabian desert.

Wâdy Sh'reich. One of the peaks in the Wâdy Sh'reich is called Jebel Abu Mahrúreh, "The thunder-stricken mountain," a large portion of its summit having been detached by a thunderbolt.

Wâdy es Sunt, the Valley of Elah. The scene of David's encounter with Goliath. THe valley winds between the low hills and enters the plain of Philistia opposite Tel es Sâfy.

Wâdy et Tuffâh, commonly called the vale of Eschol. The peasants grouped in the foreground are under the southern branches of Abraham's oak. In the distance the minaret of the great mosque of Sheikh 'Ali Bakka, Hebron, may be distinguished.

Tarfah or tamarisk grove, Wâdy es Sheikh. This fine grove is called Tarfat el Gidarin. The wâdy itself cuts through the granite wall which fences in Sinai.

Waterfall of the Upper Barada, near Zebedâny. Here the stream is augmented by the outfall of Wâdy el Kûrn

Sur'ah, the ancient Zorah. The birthplace of Sampson. It is five miles south of Latrôn, on a conical hill on the north side of the Wâdy es Sur'ar (The valley of Sorek).

Convent of the Arba'in (of the forty), Wâdy Lejâ. The situation of this convent is most secluded and picturesque. The celebrated 'Moses' Rock' loses its claim to notoriety, if Rephidim be located in Wâdy Feirán.

Mahsamah. In the Wâdy Tûmîlât, between Tell-el-Maskhûtah (Pithom) and Tell-el-Kebîr.

A spring in Wâdy Feirân. To the Bedawin of Sinai, Feirân realizes paradise.

Wâdy Useit. One can go down to the sea-shore by this valley, but the path is hardly passable for camels. There are clumps of stunted palms every here and there, and some brackish water.

Wâdy Feirân. The rock supposed to have been struck by Moses is in the right-hand forground. The Arabs call it Hesy el Khattatin.

The cliffs of Wâdy Leimôn, pierced with holes in which a great variety of birds find safe retreat. The bed of the valley is in some places very narrow and difficult to traverse.

Wâdy Taiyebeh. "The valley of good" (water and pasture). Through this valley most probably the Israelites journeyed to their encampment by the Red Sea.

Bedawín encampment, Wâdy Sebíyeh, Sinai. This valley has been mentioned as a likely camping ground for the Israelites, because of the view afforded of the summit of Jebel Músa. There is no open space, however, for a great multitude.

Wâdy Mukhateb, the "written valley" or "valley of inscriptions." The celebrated Sinaitic inscriptions abound in this valley on the right-hand side as one passes down.

Ruined tombs, Palmyra, in the Wâdy el Kûbûr. The largest one, on the right, is eighty feet high. There is an inscription on it which states that it was built as a family tomb by Elabelos, in the Seleucian year 414 (A.D. 102).

Entrance to Wâdy Gharandel.

Tamarisk- tree, Wâdy Feirân, Sinai. "And the sleep in the dried river channel, where bulrushes tell/ That the water was wont to go warbling so softly and well." -- Browining's "Saul."

Wâdy Barada, from Bessîma. The village is situated in a little basin formed by a bend of the river, and is entirely shut in by high ledges of rock. The soil is everywhere carefully cultivated. In the foreground the villagers are winnowing grain.

Wâdy Amârah. Of Wâdy Amârah, some forty miles away from Ayún Músa, Professor Palmer says, 'There is no other water but this (at Bir Abu Suweirah, twelve miles distant) in or near Wâdy Amârah.' A proof that this wâdy is not to be identified with the Marah of the Bible.

Jebel Músa from the south, Sinai. Wâdy Seba'iyeh, through which the way passes from Jebel Umm Shomer, offers the traveller a splendid view of the steep southern extremity of Jebel Músa.

The springs in Wâdy Gharandel, probably the "Elim" of the Bible.

Wâdy Katarína, Sinai. This rocky glen, which goes by the name Shagg Músa, leads up from the orchards and gardens of the Convent of El Arab'in.

Wâdy Taiyebeh, with the Red Sea in sight, The lower part of the valley is very picturesque. The horizontal strata of the cliffs and their bright coloring make a deep impression on one from the desert.

'Ain Shems, the site of Beth-Shemesh. South of the Wâdy es Sur'ar (Sorek) and nearly opposite to Sur'ah (Zorah). The ancient and modern names Beth-Shemesh (House of the Sun) and 'Ain Shems (Eye of the Sun) are indicative of sun worship.

Wayside tombs in Wâdy Barada. Where walnut and fig trees yield abundantly, and the oleander flourishes. Rows of poplar trees peering out of the gorge mark its course.

Road and tablets cut in the cliff of Wâdy Barada. On the north or left bank of the river

The cliffs of Sûk Wâdy, Barada. A modern bridge of a single arch spans the river, and the road crosses from the right to the left bank. This is the narrowest part of the gorge, and the cliffs that shut it in are not more than a hundred feet apart.

The river Kishon. As it appears after the rainy season, where it flows through the narrow pass called Wâdy el Kasab (Valley of Reeds), which leads from the great plain of Esdraelon to the plain of' 'Akka. Oleanders flourish here, and many small birds build their nests.

Views from the tourquoise mines of Maghârah. Wâdy Maghârah is another name for Wâdy Igné (properly Gena). The mines are high up on the left side as one ascends the narrow wâdy.

Sand-storm in the desert. The dreaded khamseen (wind and sand storm) very frequently overtakes the traveller in the region between 'Ayún Músa and Wâdy Amârah. Dean Stanley, Neibhur, Miss Martineau all encountered it here.

Wâdy Mukatteb. The strange shapes of the weather-worn sandstone rocks are almost as noteworthy as the Sinaitic inscriptions. In the inscriptions represented in this illustration the camel occurs frequently.

El Hesweh, Wâdy Feirán.

The Valley of Pigeons (Wâdy el Hamâm). The bed of this picturesque valley runs towards the Lake of Tiberias just north of Mejdel

Alluvial desposits, Wâdy Feirân. These strange deposits serve as a "meter" to measure the height to which the Feirân streams may once have reached. At Philae, &c., in the valley of the Nile, the same deposits may be observed.

Caverns in the cliffs of Wâdy Leimôn. The upper portion of Wâdy el Amûd, the Valley of the Column

Shrine of Sheikh Samat at Sur'ah (Zorah), on the summit of the hill. Below is shown the upper part of the Wâdy es Su'ar (Vally of Sorek), which falls into the river called Nahr Rubîn.

Wâdy Shib'a, from Hebbâriyeh. The village of Shib'a may be seen on the summit of the second peak; it is the highest inhabited place in Mount Hermon (Jebel esh Sheikh)

The plain El Markeiyeh. At the mouth of Wâdy Taiyebeh, looking south and south-east towards the mountains of the Serbál group. The plain takes its name from the long white range of chalk hills called El Markhâ.

Near the mouth of Wâdy Sh'reich. The scene of the worship of the golden calf was placed by early tradition at the mouth of this valley.

Wâdy Feirân. Professor Palmer describes the walk through Wâdy Feirân, with its shade of palms, tamarisksm and sidr-trees, and with its running water, as one of the most delightful in Sinai.

Wâdy Shellâl, "Vally of the Cataracts." This valley bears, both in name and aspect, ever trace of wintery cascades. It leads up to the pass of Nagb Buderah.

Tombs and aqueduct, Wâdy Barada. Here the gorge intersects the central ridge of Anti-Lebanon; but as it makes a sharp turn, we only see a deep recess in the mountain-side dotted with tombs

Rock foms in Wâdy Hamr. This valley leads up to Jebel et Tih.

Wâdy T'lâh, Mount Sinai. This wâdy runs parallel with the plain Er Râhah. but flows in a contrary direction. It is marvellously beautiful and picturesque.

Gardens near the mouth of Wâdy Lejâ. The winding road seen in the cliffs leads up to Jebel Tiniyeh, where are the remains of the half-finished palace of the late 'Abbas Pasha.