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Muhammad performs another miracle by creating a spring of cool, pure water in the desert camp of the Banû Junda'.

Iblîs (the devil), disguised as a gray-bearded tribesman, is welcomed to a meeting of the unbelievers among the Quraysh.

Muhammad, followed by Abû Bakr and 'Alî, goes to ask support of his uncle 'Abbâs at the 'Ukâz Fair and to invite the people to Islam.

A Persian king who is a Zoroastrian and his young son, Salmân al-Fârisî, enter a fire temple administered by three priest, and learn that the sacred flame has been waning.

Mutî', who has been restored to life by the Prophet, stands in front of him, his idol lying at his feet, and he converts to Islam.

Muhammad sits before a mihrab discussing Islamic religious precepts with a Christian monk in the presence of nine of the Companions.

A scene similar to the one on f. 283, with Abû Jahl seated at the head of the assembly as it discusses the plan for killing Muhammad.

'Ayyâsh and Hishâm freed by al-Walîd ibn al-Mughayrah who unlocks their manacled hands, a large candle lighting the scene.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr on their camels meet a delegation that has come out from the city of Medina to greet them.

Muhammad offers the first prayer in a newly built mosque.

Salmân converts to Islam after finding that Muhammad is a true Prophet.

Muhammad at al-Masjid al-Aqsâ leads the earlier prophets and angels in prayer.

The angel Jibrîl stands before Muhammad and instructs him on the call to prayer.

Abû Hishâm, sitting with two friends in an eyvân, tells them that he has become a Muslim.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr visit the Banû Salîmah tribe.

'Abd-Allâh talks with a group of his kinsmen about the new religion.

Bilâl al-Habashî, an Ethiopian negro, tells 'Umar ibn al-Khattâb that he wants to go to Damascus.


Hannâd ibn 'Umar kisses the hand of Muhammad, pledging his aid and allegiance.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rises to the heavens on his way to al-Masjid al-Aqsâ.

Salmân and his religious instructor have read a holy book predicting the coming of the Prophet and discuss this matter.

Abû Bakr approached by a group of Quraysh unbelievers who try to persuade him to give up the new religion.

Hannâd ibn 'Umar and members of the Tamîm tribe seated before Muhammad.

Muhammad with a companion meets with the Banû Junda', who have converted to Islam.

'Abd-Allâh ibn Ybayy climbs a date palm and announces that Muhammad is approaching Qubâ', a suburb of Medina.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr on their camels, a servant holding the reins, ask for a night's lodging from an old Bedouin woman, Umm Ma'badah.

Abû Hishâm and his friends discuss Muhammad and his new religion with the people of Quraysh.

Seventy-two converts to Islam from Medina come out to greet Muhammad.

An erstwhile rich man, Najiz ibn Farrâsh, who was cursed by the Prophet, now a beggar.

Nufayl tells the Jews that he wants to send a delegation to Muhammad.

Front cover of binding

Three Christian monks attend a Muslim religious meeting.

Umm Hakîm, in white robes and a black net face veil, seated before the Prophet, tells Muhammad that Abû Bakr would like to give his daughter 'Â'ishah in marriage to him.

Salmân presents a tablet written in Syriac to Muhammad, that indicates that Muhammad is the last prophet.

When the Chistian monks question Muhammad about the father of Jesus and ask how is it possible to be born without a father, Jibrîl brings down sections of the Sûrah Âl 'Imrân [...], which contains the Qur'anic version of the story of Mary and Jesus.

Quzmân the hypocrite, dressed only in his underdrawers, mutilates himself by sticking an arrow though his upper arm.

The Meccans sell Salmân to a Jew.

The leaders of the two Jewish tribes of Medina meet and discuss plans to kill Muhammad.

Abû Jahl and his followers tell the Medinans that they must not harm Muhammad.

A Jewish leader holds up the gown of the Jewish prophet Yahyâ (John the Baptist) on which the Muslim declaration of faith (shahâdah) has miraculously appeared; when it was cut out, it appeared a second time.

'Umayr, addressing a group of seated Muslim leaders, falsely accuses Muhammad of not paying a debt owed to him.

Muhammad dismounts before the house of Ayyûb al-Ansârî and puts his hand on the shoulder of the owner, who is overcome with emotion.

'Abbâs, the servant of the brothers 'Utbah and Shaybah of the clan of 'Abd Shams, kisses the feet of Muhammad in recognition of his prophethood.

Six Medinans sit before Muhammad and Abû Bakr, discussing the new faith at Akaba.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr on camels arrive at the 'Ukâz Fair at the campground of a heathen tribe, the Bakr ibn Wâ'il.

The seventy-two Medinan Muslims tell the people of Quraysh that they want to take Muhammad to Medina.

Muhammad visits Abû Tâlib, who is his uncle and head of the Banû Hâshim, trying to convince him on his deathbed to become a Muslim.

Mukhayriq in discussion with five of his Jewish confederates proclaims his decision to help Muhammad in his wars.

As they continue their journey to Medina, Muhammad and Abû Bakr meet three women who convert to Islam.

Umm Ma'badah kneels before the Prophet and converts to Islam; she asks Muhammad to remain with her tribe.

Abû Jahl learns that his agents have searched in vain for Muhammad and Abû Bakr.

Muhammad's wife 'Â'ishah gives her husband information on people with communicable diseases.

Salmân, who is now a young man, is sent to the ruler of Byzantium.

During a journey Salmân meets merchants from the Quraysh tribe and asks them about a new religion.

Ayyûb leads Râfi ibn Wadîghah, one of the hypocrites, out of the mosque for creating a disturbance.

The Quraysh discuss the conversion of seventy-two Medinans.

Abû Jahl loses his speech after he curses Muhammad.

Sa'd ibn Ma'âdh listens to complaints about Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr, a leading proselytizer of Islam in Medina.

An old man who is cured after drinking from the miraculous healing fountain talks to the leader of the Banû Junda'.

The Prophet causes a spring to come forth and cures Abû Jahl with its waters, but Abû Jahl then accuses Muhammad of sorcery.

Muhammad appoints Abû Ubaydah as magistrate over the Christians of Najrân.

Ibn Husayn, Mâlik ibn Jabal, and 'Alâ' ibn 'Alâ' of the Fîrâzâ tribe become Muslims.

Surâqah returns to Mecca and addresses Abû Jahl and other Quraysh leaders, telling them of his strange experience.

Surâqah ibn Mâlik comes to kill Muhammad but his horse is stuck in the ground and refuses to approach the victim.

The seated Muhammad discusses prophethood with members of the Quraysh.

'Alî explains to a group of men the truth about Muhammad's alleged debt.

Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr gives Muhammad information about Medina.

'Abd-Allâh ibn Ubayy of the 'Awf tribe and two friends sit before the cave of a hermit priest and question him about Muhammad.

Abû Jahl begs Muhammad to heal him.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr are feted by Umm Ma'badah's tribe.

A scene similar to the one on f. 236v, but with the people now angrily questioning Muhammad and Abû Bakr.

Muhammad receives a letter from Bazan, the king of Yemen.

Mutî' and his idol collapse before the Prophet Muhammad, and the Jews beg Muhammad to restore Mutî's life.

Illuminated pages

Abû Lahab and his followers hurl stones at Muhammad and Abû Bakr at the 'Ukâz Fair.

Mus'ab and As'ad talk to Usayd, who has come to them with evil intentions.

Muhammad sits beneath the arcade of Ayyûb's house with three of the Companions and heals Ayyûb's blind mother, who kneels before him.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr on camels talk with an old man, Muhsin, of the Bakr ibn Wâ'il tribe, at the 'Ukâz Fair.

Jibrîl (Gabriel) invites Hazrat Muhammad for his night journey (the Mi'râj).

Salmân is expelled from the country by his father when he refuses to practice Zoroastrianism.


'Abd-Allâh ibn Kharis talks to the king of Yemen in a camp, discussing the meaning of the great storm that struck Medina.

The head of a slave sent by Hanzal to murder 'Alî floats by the instigator of the assassination attempt.

One of the newly converted Muslims of Medina urges a group of Jews of this city to convert.

Muhammad and Abû Bakr converse during their journey from Mecca to Medina.

The Jews of Damascus find a large jug inscribed with the Muslim profession of faith (shahâdah) and try to destroy it, but they are unsuccessful.

Hamzah, an uncle of the Prophet although of about the same age, dressed in gold armor and holding a sword, threatens to punish those of the Quraysh who are not faithful to Muhammad after Abû Tâlib's death.

Muhammad talks with a smith who will melt down Mutî's idol so that the gold and silver may be distributed to the poor, as Mutî' had promised.

Nu'mân kisses the hand of Muhammad, embracing Islam.

Muhammad discusses Islam with leaders of the Banî Sa'sa'ah tribe, including 'Âmir ibn Sa'sa'ah.

'Alî, dressed in green robe and turban, addresses a crowd in the courtyard surrounding the Ka'ba in Mecca.

Muhammad, mounted on Burâq accompanied by Jibrîl and host angels, rises to the heavens on his way to al-Masjid al-Aqsâ.

The people of Medina take their leave of the Prophet.

Nufayl reads a letter from the Jews of Bayt al-Muqaddas (the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem) about Muhammad to his followers, who include five women.

Illuminated pages

The daughter of Muhammad, who is seated in a litter, takes leave of four female members of the Prophet's family; all the women have flaming gold halos.

Muhammad accompanied by his followers rides through the streets of Medina.

Jibrîl informs Muhammad of the assassination plot of the Medinan Jews.

Meccan leaders and the Hashimites gather around Muhammad for the marriage ceremony.

Abû Hishâm of Medina kisses the hand of the Prophet.