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Nufayl reads a letter from the Jews of Bayt al-Muqaddas (the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem) about Muhammad to his followers, who include five women.

Christ's Entry into Jerusalem

Eighth vision: John watches as the new Jerusalem is sent by God from heaven; an angel has carried John to a mountain where he shows John the holy city. (Apoc. 21:1-11)

Eighth vision: as John watches, God in heaven sends a flowing river through the city of Jerusalem; John attempts to worship an angel who instead points to God. (Apoc. 22:1-9)

4 BCE: Disciples of certain sages of Jerusalem tear down the image of a golden eagle, which Herod, in violation of Jewish law, had erected on the gate of the Temple.

70 CE: The parties of both John of Giscala and Simon son of Gioras set fire to buildings stocked with provisions, exacerbating the famine that besets Jerusalem.

70 CE: Sabinus and eleven Romans scale the walls of Jerusalem but are overcome by the Jews defending the tower.

70 CE: With severe famine in Jerusalem, a Jewish fighter against Rome slaughters a starving civilian.

165 BCE: Judah Maccabee leads an insurgency against Antiochus IV and expels his troops from the temple precincts and citadel of Jerusalem.

4 BCE: Varus, the Roman governor of Syria, marches to Jerusalem to quell the insurrection there. He is met by Joseph, cousin of Archelaus, outside the city.

40 BCE: Pacorus, son of the King of Parthia, attacks Jerusalem. In a fierce battle, he is repulsed by Hyrcanus II and Phasael.

66 CE: The Jews, seeing that Cestius is approaching Jerusalem, attack his troops at Gabao (Gibeon, five miles NW of Jerusalem). They kill 515 Romans; only 22 Jews are lost in battle.

70 CE: The famine in Jerusalem drives the Jews to abominable acts: a woman named Mary kills her infant son, then roasts the corpse and devours half of it.

55 CE: An Egyptian false prophet, having set himself up as tyrant, leads his 30,000 followers into a battle with the Romans in Jerusalem. Most of his men are killed or taken prisoner.

28 CE: Pilate has set up effigies of the emperor Tiberius throughout Jerusalem. The Jews implore him to remove the statues and offer their necks to the sword, saying that they would rather die than transgress their ancient law. 28 CE: The Jews are infuriated by Pilate's plan to use the assets of the Temple treasury for the construction of a fifty-mile aqueduct. They surround his entourage when he visits Jerusalem, but soldiers in plain clothes, planted in the crowd, cudgel some of the protesters to death.

68 CE: The priest Ananus calls upon the citizens of Jerusalem to resist the Zealots, who have made the Temple their fortress.

68 CE: Zealots from around the country steal into Jerusalem and kidnap or murder eminent citizens. Antipas, a member of the royal family, is the first to be seized.

66 CE: Florus, procurator of Judea, is indifferent to the Jews' pleas to stop his pillaging. He hands over Jerusalem to his soldiers for plunder and massacre; about 3,600 are killed.

66 CE: Cestius, in retreat, leads his army to Beth-Horon (12 miles NW of Jerusalem), where they are set upon by anti-Roman Jewish rebels.

70 CE: Judas, a lieutenant of Simon son of Gioras, plots to surrender Jerusalem; but Simon, discovering the plan, kills the rebels and mutilates their corpses.

70 CE: Sabinus, a Syrian in the Roman auxiliary troops, volunteers to scale the wall of Jerusalem and is presented to Titus.

68 CE: The Idumaeans encamp before the walls of Jerusalem. During the night, a violent and torrential thunderstorm convulses the city, portending calamity.

70 CE: In his first skirmish after arriving in Jerusalem, Titus trounces the Jews, and the Romans fortify their encampment outside the city.

68 CE: The Zealots, incited by John of Giscala, ask the Idumaeans to join the battle in Jerusalem. Jesus, the priest next in seniority to Ananus, addresses the Idumaeans from the tower of Jerusalem, in an attempt to dissuade them from joining the Zealots.

70 CE: The Romans, having breached the second wall of Jerusalem, are attacked and driven back by the Jews.

104 BCE: Unscrupulous courtiers falsely accuse Antigonus I of treachery against his brother Artistobolus I. Antigonus is assassinated in Jerusalem (according to Josephus's text, not above ground as shown but in an underground passage known as Strato's Tower).

Street fighting in Jerusalem.

68 CE: Simon son of Gioras sends Eleazar to the garrison at Herodium (7 miles south of Jerusalem) to persuade the Idumaeans to surrender the fortress; Eleazar is killed there.

68 CE: Simon son of Caathas, chief of the Idumaeans, replies abusively to the priests of Jerusalem and vows to fight with the Zealots against the Romans.

68 CE: The priest Ananus and the citizens of Jerusalem fight the Zealots.

170 BCE: Antiochus IV, in the course of war with Ptolemy VI, attacks Jerusalem and seizes control of it from him.

67 CE: The intriguer John son of Levi (John of Giscala) incites a rebellion in the town of Giscala in the Upper Galilee. After persuading Titus not to attack the town on the Sabbath, John flees at nightfall from Giscala to Jerusalem with some of his followers.

70 CE: Titus holds a war council with his officers. He decides to blockade Jerusalem by building a wall around the entire city, with every exit blocked and guarded. The wall, 4 1/2 miles long, is completed in only three days.

70 CE: Feuding breaks out again in Jerusalem amongst three factions: followers of Eleazar son of Simon (the Zealots); John of Giscala; and Simon son of Gioras.

70 CE: Titus exhorts his troops to scale the second wall within the fortress Antonia in Jerusalem.

68 CE: The Idumaeans decide to overthrow John of Giscala and invite Simon son of Gioras into Jerusalem to oppose him and the Zealots.

68 CE: Roman field commanders, learning of the internecine feuding in Jerusalem, urge Vespasian to march against the city.

63 BCE: Aristobulus II, a suppliant to Pompey the Great, offers to surrender himself and Jerusalem.

70 CE: Titus, eldest son of Vespasian, advances into Jerusalem to reconnoiter. Although he is not wearing a helmet or breastplate, he is unharmed as he rides through the war zone.

68 CE: The Idumaeans and Zealots massacre the sentries at the gates of Jerusalem.

The Entry into Jerusalem

The Entry into Jerusalem

Phlomis fruticosa, Salviæ folio latiore, et rotundiore = Salvia Salvatica. [Jerusalem Sage]

Temple de Salomon.

Jerusalem moderne.

Temple de Salomon.

Plan du Temple de Jerusalem, bati depuis le captivité de Babilone.

Plan de Jerusalem.

Title page, ill. Geschichte der Ritterlichen Ordens St. Johannis vom Spitul zu Jerusalem. 1048-1799

Phlomis fruticosa = Phlomide frutescente. [Jerusalem sage]

Sepulchres of the kings of Judah

Jerusalem with the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Entrance of the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre

A Greek Caloyer

Tomb in the Valley of Jehoshaphat

Remains of a tower on Mount Zion

Pool of Bethesda Jerusalem

Fountain of Siloam Near Jerusalem

He set his face against Jerusalem....

Bridge over The Brook Kedron

Entrance to the Sepulchres of the kings of Judah

Sepulchres of the judges of Israel

Views of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives

The Sepulchre of Absalom

Ruins between Ramah and Jerusalem

Pillar to which was affixed the sentence passed on our Saviour

Sarcophagus from the Tombs of the Kings

Chapel of Mount Calvary

Tomb of Jeremiah

Part of Jerusalem

The Mosque of Omar, or the ancient site of the Temple.

Entrance to the Tomb of the Kings

The tower of David

Jerusalem -- the Church of the Purification

Interior of the Greek Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Upper fountain of Siloam -- Valley of Jehoshaphat

Gate of Damascus, Jerusalem

Chapel of St. Helena -- Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre

Jerusalem from the road leading to Bethany

Golden gate of the Temple, shewing the ancient walls

The tomb of Zacchariah, Valley of Jehoshaphat

Jerusalem from the South

The entrance to the citadel of Jerusalem

Jerusalem in the Mount of Olives

The pool of Bathesda

Jerusalem from the north

Tomb of St. James, Valley of Jehoshaphat

Fountain of Job -- Valley of Hinnom

The shrine of the Holy Sepulchre

Calvary -- Holy Sepulchre

Stone of the unction -- Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Absalom's Pillar -- Valley of Jehoshaphat

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, exterior view

Palestine. Jérusalem, quartier occidental.

Palestine. Jérusalem, Mosquée d'Omar.

Palestine. Jérusalem, quartier oriental.

Palestine. Jérusalem, arcades inférieures de l'Église du Saint-Sépulcre.

Palestine. Jérusalem, Porte Dorée.

Palestine. Jérusalem, partie occidentale des murailles.

Jerusalem von Südost.

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