Fig. 1. Eastern excavation in the northern front of the Great Pyramid; Fig. 2. Western excavation in the northern front of the Great Pyramid; Fig. 3. View of the casing-stones; Fig. 4. Vignette (represents the western excavation on a smaller scale, in order to give a better idea of the operations).
Egypt pyramids complex consists of Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu and constructed c. 2560–2540 BC), the smaller Pyramid of Khafre (or Chephren) a few hundred meters to the south-west, and the relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinos) a few hundred meters farther south-west, and the Great Sphinx that lies on the east side of the complex..