Tacuinum Sanitatis ("Maintenance of Health") 1460
The manuscript was issued in Germany around 1410 and gives an insight into medicine of the Middle Ages. Pictures are made in ink or pen and have explanatory inscriptions in German and Latin. In those days, astrology and nonscientific ideas and superstitions greately influenced the art of medicine. The manuscript starts with a picture of the Earth and seven planets; then it is followed by the Zodiac Man. Each part of his body has a particular sign of the zodiac.
Bloodletting charts, which are also provided in this encyclopedia were widespread during this period. It is a very harmful procedure, but people of the middle ages believed that it could cure diseases. These charts contained very complicated instructions which consider phases of the moon, different diseases, and different spots on the body.
In the last part, there are some allegorical drawings of the Tower of Wisdom, Microcosmus and Macrocosmus, the Tree of Virtue, Philosophy surrounded by the Seven Arts, stories showing the evil power of women, the Wheel of Fortune and others.
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