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Madison Square Garden

Madison Square Garden HistoryCreated by: NYPL's Public Domain ArchiveDated: 2020
Madison Square Garden, New York
Madison Square is formed by the intersection of 5th Avenue and Broadway at 23rd Street in Manhattan. It was named after James Madison, fourth President of the United States.

Two venues called Madison Square Garden were located just northeast of the square, the first from 1879 to 1890, and the second from 1890 to 1925. The first Garden, leased to P. T. Barnum, had no roof and was inconvenient to use during inclement weather, so it was demolished after 11 years.

Madison Square Garden II designed by noted architect Stanford White was a Beaux-Arts structure in a Moorish style, including a tower modeled after Giralda, the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville. Madison Square Garden II was unsuccessful like the first Garden, and the New York Life Insurance Company, which held the mortgage on it, decided to tear it down in 1925 to make way for a new headquarters building, which would become the landmark Cass Gilbert-designed New York Life Building.

A third Madison Square Garden opened in a new location, on 8th Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets, from 1925 to 1968. Groundbreaking on the third Madison Square Garden took place on January 9, 1925. The arena was 200 feet (61 m) by 375 feet (114 m), with seating on three levels, and a maximum capacity of 18,496 spectators for boxing.

Demolition commenced in 1968 after the opening of the current Garden and was completed in early 1969. The new structure was one of the first of its kind to be built above the platforms of an active railroad station. As of now,
Madison Square Garden is seen as an obstacle in the renovation and future expansion of Penn Station.
16 Media in collectionpage 1 of 1
A corner of Madison Square Garden

A corner of Madison Square Garden

Picryl description: Public domain photo of vintage New York postcard, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

P.T. Barnum's grand Roman Hippodrome -- interior view

P.T. Barnum's grand Roman Hippodrome -- interior view

Public domain scan of 17th-18th century landscape print, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description

Madison Square Garden, New York

Madison Square Garden, New York

Picryl description: Public domain photo of vintage New York postcard, free to use, no copyright restrictions image.

Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a historic building in New York City, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

P.T. Barnum's grand Roman Hippodrome -- exterior view

P.T. Barnum's grand Roman Hippodrome -- exterior view

Picryl description: Public domain image of a palace, villa, or large historic building, architecture, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

SUPPER AT CULINARY EXHIBITION [held by] SOCIETE CULINAIRE PHILANTHROPIQUE [at] "MADISON SQUARE GARDEN,[NY?]" (OTHER (ARENA);)
Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a historic building in New York City, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Madison Square and Tower, New York

Madison Square and Tower, New York

Public domain photo of vintage New York postcard, 19th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description.

Madison Square Garden, N.Y. City. New York Sterecope Card.

Madison Square Garden, N.Y. City. New York Sterecope Card.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a department store, commercial building, downtown, shopping center, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Interior of Madison Square Garden at night.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a historic building in New York City, free to use, no copyright restrictions.

EIGHTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY DINNER [held by] NEW ENGLAND SOCIETY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK [at] "MADISON SQUARE GARDEN CONCERT HALL, (NY)" (CONCERT HALL)
Madison Square Garden, New York

Madison Square Garden, New York

Public domain photo of vintage New York postcard, 19th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions image - Picryl description.

EIGHTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY DINNER [held by] NEW ENGLAND SOCIETY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK [at] "MADISON SQUARE GARDEN CONCERT HALL, (NY)" (CONCERT HALL)
COMPLIMENTARY LUNCHEON [held by] NATIONAL HORSE SHOW ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA [at] "MADISON SQUARE GARDEN, NEW YORK, NY" (OTHER (ARENA);)
ANNUAL DINNER [held by] THE REFORM CLUB [at] MADISON SQUARE GARDEN ASSEMBLY ROOMS; NEW YORK
Madison Square Garden, N.Y. City. New York Sterecope Card.

Madison Square Garden, N.Y. City. New York Sterecope Card.

Picryl description: Public domain image of a department store, commercial building, downtown, shopping center, 19th-20th century, free to use, no copyright restrictions.